Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012
Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012 PDF Version [PDF - 4.51 MB - 147 pages]
Medscape CME Activity
Iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Final Assessment
PDF Version [PDF - 291 KB - 7 pages]P. Brown et al.View Summary
The book on iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans is almost closed. This form of CJD transmission via medical misadventures was first detected in 1974. Today, only occasional CJD cases with exceptionally long incubation periods still appear. The main sources of the largest outbreaks were tissues from human cadavers with unsuspected CJD that were used for dura mater grafts and growth hormone extracts. A few additional cases resulted from neurosurgical instrument contamination, corneal grafts, gonadotrophic hormone, and secondary infections from blood transfusions. Although the final solution to the problem of iatrogenic CJD is still not available (a laboratory test to identify potential donors who harbor the infectious agent), certain other measures have worked well: applying special sterilization of penetrating surgical instruments, reducing the infectious potential of donor blood and tissue, and excluding donors known to have higher than normal risk for CJD.
Medscape CME Activity
Pretransplant Fecal Carriage of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase–producing Enterobacteriaceae and Infection after Liver Transplant, France
PDF Version [PDF - 385 KB - 9 pages]F. Bert et al.View Summary
Bacterial infection after liver transplant is fairly common, mostly because liver transplant patients are severely ill and the surgery is very complex. Adding to the seriousness of this situation is that some bacteria are resistant to many antimicrobial drugs. However, treating all infections as drug resistant would lead to even more drug resistance, so only patients at highest risk should receive the most powerful drugs. But who is at highest risk? A recent study in France screened fecal samples of liver transplant candidates and found that post-operative infections were most likely for those patients who already had certain bacteria in their feces before surgery. Thus, fecal screening for those multiresistant bacteria should be considered for all liver transplant candidates so that if post-operative infection develops, those at high risk can receive the most specific drugs right away.
Medscape CME Activity
Trends in Invasive Infection with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Connecticut, USA, 2001–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 270 KB - 8 pages]J. L. Hadler et al.View Summary
Decreases in health care–related isolates accounted for all reductions in MRSA during 2007–2010.
Molecular Epidemiology of Geographically Dispersed Vibrio cholerae, Kenya, January 2009–May 2010
PDF Version [PDF - 329 KB - 7 pages]A. Mohamed et al.View Summary
Isolates represent multiple genetic lineages, a finding consistent with multiple emergences from endemic reservoirs.
Community Survey after Rabies Outbreaks, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
PDF Version [PDF - 226 KB - 7 pages]A. M. McCollum et al.View Summary
Educational outreach should inform the public about dangers of translocation of wild animals and general aspects of rabies.
Trichomonas vaginalis Antimicrobial Drug Resistance in 6 US Cities, STD Surveillance Network, 2009–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 333 KB - 5 pages]R. D. Kirkcaldy et al.View Summary
Such isolates should undergo drug susceptibility testing periodically to detect emerging resistance.
Virulence Potential of Fusogenic Orthoreoviruses
PDF Version [PDF - 301 KB - 5 pages]A. H. Wong et al.View Summary
Virus evolution should be monitored because frequent reassortment, which contributes to virus diversity, creates the potential for more severe infections.
Intrafamilial Circulation of Tropheryma whipplei, France
PDF Version [PDF - 283 KB - 7 pages]F. Fenollar et al.View Summary
High prevalence within families might reflect a specific immune condition.
Human Gyrovirus DNA in Human Blood, Italy
PDF Version [PDF - 205 KB - 4 pages]F. Maggi et al.View Summary
HGyV in blood suggests the infection might be systemic.
Clostridium difficile Infection, Colorado and the Northwestern United States, 2007
PDF Version [PDF - 208 KB - 3 pages]J. L. Kuntz et al.
Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus, Shandong Province, China
PDF Version [PDF - 303 KB - 3 pages]L. Zhao et al.
Macrolide-Resistant Bordetella pertussis Infection in Newborn Girl, France
PDF Version [PDF - 277 KB - 3 pages]S. Guillot et al.
Genome Analysis of Rift Valley Fever Virus, Mayotte
PDF Version [PDF - 199 KB - 3 pages]C. Cêtre-Sossah et al.
Prevalence of Rift Valley Fever among Ruminants, Mayotte
PDF Version [PDF - 554 KB - 4 pages]C. Cêtre-Sossah et al.
Louping Ill in Goats, Spain, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 431 KB - 3 pages]A. Balseiro et al.
Accuracy of ICD-10 Codes for Surveillance of Clostridium difficile Infections, France
PDF Version [PDF - 213 KB - 3 pages]G. Jones et al.
Molecular Epidemiology of Laguna Negra Virus, Mato Grosso State, Brazil
PDF Version [PDF - 239 KB - 4 pages]E. S. Travassos da Rosa et al.
Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus Antibodies in Poultry Cullers, South Korea, 2003–2004
PDF Version [PDF - 160 KB - 3 pages]D. Kwon et al.
Bartonella vinsonii subsp. arupensis in Humans, Thailand
PDF Version [PDF - 202 KB - 3 pages]Y. Bai et al.
Immunodeficiency-associated Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus Type 3 in Infant, South Africa, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 239 KB - 3 pages]N. Gumede et al.
Rickettsia parkeri Infection in Domestic Dogs, Southern Louisiana, USA, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 193 KB - 3 pages]B. J. Grasperge et al.
Wild Boars as Hosts of Human-Pathogenic Anaplasma phagocytophilum Variants
PDF Version [PDF - 327 KB - 4 pages]J. Michalik et al.View Summary
European boars could be used as sentinel animals to detect A. phagocytophilum strains that cause human infections.
Local Transmission of Imported Endemic Syphilis, Canada, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 166 KB - 3 pages]S. Fanella et al.
Schmallenberg Virus in Calf Born at Term with Porencephaly, Belgium
PDF Version [PDF - 278 KB - 2 pages]M. Garigliany et al.
Zoonotic Disease Pathogens in Fish Used for Pedicure
PDF Version [PDF - 205 KB - 3 pages]D. W. Verner-Jeffreys et al.View Summary
“Doctor” fish might not be such good doctors after all. These fish are used for the increasingly popular spa treatment called fish pedicures. During these sessions, spa patrons immerse their feet in water, allowing the live fish to feed on dead skin, mainly for cosmetic reasons. However, examinations of doctor fish destined for these spas found that they can carry harmful bacteria. Thus, although reports of human infection after fish pedicures are few, there may be some risks. Spa patrons who have underlying medical conditions (such as diabetes, immunosuppression, or even simple breaks in the skin) are already discouraged from taking such treatments. However, spas that offer fish pedicures should also consider using only disease-free fish reared in controlled facilities under high standards of husbandry and welfare.
Rickettsia conorii Indian Tick Typhus Strain and R. slovaca in Humans, Sicily
PDF Version [PDF - 199 KB - 3 pages]A. Torina et al.
Detection of European Strain of Echinococcus multilocularis in North America
PDF Version [PDF - 211 KB - 3 pages]E. J. Jenkins et al.
Recognition and Diagnosis of Cryptococcus gattii Infections in the United States
PDF Version [PDF - 231 KB - 4 pages]S. Iverson et al.
Coccidioidal Endophthalmitis in Immunocompetent Person, California, USA
PDF Version [PDF - 218 KB - 2 pages]M. Cheng et al.
Human MRSA Isolates with Novel Genetic Homolog, Germany
PDF Version [PDF - 173 KB - 3 pages]A. Kriegeskorte et al.
ESBL-Positive Enterobacteria Isolates in Drinking Water
PDF Version [PDF - 166 KB - 2 pages]H. De Boeck et al.
Novel Chlamydiaceae Disease in Captive Salamanders
PDF Version [PDF - 240 KB - 3 pages]A. Martel et al.
Novel Variant of Beilong Paramyxovirus in Rats, China
PDF Version [PDF - 174 KB - 3 pages]P. Woo et al.
Pneumococcal Serotype–specific Unresponsiveness in Vaccinated Child with Cochlear Implant
PDF Version [PDF - 183 KB - 3 pages]E. Stanford et al.
African Swine Fever Virus Strain Georgia 2007/1 in Ornithodoros erraticus Ticks
PDF Version [PDF - 199 KB - 3 pages]A. V. Diaz et al.
Apparent Triclabendazole-Resistant Human Fasciola hepatica Infection, the Netherlands
PDF Version [PDF - 178 KB - 2 pages]A. Winkelhagen et al.
Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Sheltered Homeless Persons, France
PDF Version [PDF - 256 KB - 2 pages]S. Larrat et al.
Possibility of Leishmaniasis Transmission in Jura, France
PDF Version [PDF - 158 KB - 1 page]M. Kasbari et al.
PDF Version [PDF - 183 KB - 2 pages]L. B. Schonberger and R. B. Schonberger
Books and Media
About the Cover
- Page created: October 19, 2012
- Page last updated: October 19, 2012
- Page last reviewed: October 19, 2012
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
Office of the Director (OD)