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Volume 5, Number 4—August 1999

Volume 5, Number 4—August 1999   PDF Version [PDF - 3.78 MB - 117 pages]

THEME ISSUE
Bioterrorism

Perspective

  • Bioterrorism: How Prepared Are We? PDF Version [PDF - 45 KB - 2 pages]
    D. E. Shalala
            Cite This Article
    EID Shalala DE. Bioterrorism: How Prepared Are We?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):492-493. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990402
    AMA Shalala DE. Bioterrorism: How Prepared Are We?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):492-493. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990402.
    APA Shalala, D. E. (1999). Bioterrorism: How Prepared Are We?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 492-493. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990402.
  • The Emerging Threat of Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 44 KB - 2 pages]
    J. M. Hughes
            Cite This Article
    EID Hughes JM. The Emerging Threat of Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):494-495. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990403
    AMA Hughes JM. The Emerging Threat of Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):494-495. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990403.
    APA Hughes, J. M. (1999). The Emerging Threat of Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 494-495. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990403.
  • View from the Hill: Congressional Efforts to Address Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 42 KB - 1 page]
    S. A. McCann
            Cite This Article
    EID McCann SA. View from the Hill: Congressional Efforts to Address Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):496. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990404
    AMA McCann SA. View from the Hill: Congressional Efforts to Address Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):496. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990404.
    APA McCann, S. A. (1999). View from the Hill: Congressional Efforts to Address Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 496. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990404.
  • Finding the Right Balance against Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 42 KB - 1 page]
    R. A. Clarke
            Cite This Article
    EID Clarke RA. Finding the Right Balance against Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):497. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990405
    AMA Clarke RA. Finding the Right Balance against Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):497. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990405.
    APA Clarke, R. A. (1999). Finding the Right Balance against Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 497. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990405.
  • The Threat of Biological Attack: Why Concern Now? PDF Version [PDF - 837 KB - 4 pages]
    D. W. Siegrist
            Cite This Article
    EID Siegrist DW. The Threat of Biological Attack: Why Concern Now?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):505-508. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990407
    AMA Siegrist DW. The Threat of Biological Attack: Why Concern Now?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):505-508. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990407.
    APA Siegrist, D. W. (1999). The Threat of Biological Attack: Why Concern Now?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 505-508. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990407.
  • Potential Biological Weapons Threats PDF Version [PDF - 65 KB - 5 pages]
    M. G. Kortepeter and G. W. Parker
            Cite This Article
    EID Kortepeter MG, Parker GW. Potential Biological Weapons Threats. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):523-527. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990411
    AMA Kortepeter MG, Parker GW. Potential Biological Weapons Threats. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):523-527. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990411.
    APA Kortepeter, M. G., & Parker, G. W. (1999). Potential Biological Weapons Threats. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 523-527. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990411.
  • Nuclear Blindness: An Overview of the Biological Weapons Programs of the Former Soviet Union and Iraq PDF Version [PDF - 61 KB - 4 pages]
    C. J. Davis
            Cite This Article
    EID Davis CJ. Nuclear Blindness: An Overview of the Biological Weapons Programs of the Former Soviet Union and Iraq. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):509-512. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990408
    AMA Davis CJ. Nuclear Blindness: An Overview of the Biological Weapons Programs of the Former Soviet Union and Iraq. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):509-512. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990408.
    APA Davis, C. J. (1999). Nuclear Blindness: An Overview of the Biological Weapons Programs of the Former Soviet Union and Iraq. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 509-512. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990408.
  • Aum Shinrikyo: Once and Future Threat? PDF Version [PDF - 61 KB - 4 pages]
    K. B. Olson
            Cite This Article
    EID Olson KB. Aum Shinrikyo: Once and Future Threat?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):413-416. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990409
    AMA Olson KB. Aum Shinrikyo: Once and Future Threat?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):413-416. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990409.
    APA Olson, K. B. (1999). Aum Shinrikyo: Once and Future Threat?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 413-416. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990409.
  • The Prospect of Domestic Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 70 KB - 6 pages]
    J. Stern
            Cite This Article
    EID Stern J. The Prospect of Domestic Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):517-522. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990410
    AMA Stern J. The Prospect of Domestic Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):517-522. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990410.
    APA Stern, J. (1999). The Prospect of Domestic Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 517-522. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990410.
  • Vaccines in Civilian Defense Against Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 56 KB - 3 pages]
    P. K. Russell
            Cite This Article
    EID Russell PK. Vaccines in Civilian Defense Against Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):531-533. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990413
    AMA Russell PK. Vaccines in Civilian Defense Against Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):531-533. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990413.
    APA Russell, P. K. (1999). Vaccines in Civilian Defense Against Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 531-533. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990413.
  • Epidemiology of Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 57 KB - 3 pages]
    J. A. Pavlin
            Cite This Article
    EID Pavlin JA. Epidemiology of Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):528-530. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990412
    AMA Pavlin JA. Epidemiology of Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):528-530. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990412.
    APA Pavlin, J. A. (1999). Epidemiology of Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 528-530. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990412.
  • Vaccines, Pharmaceutical Products, and Bioterrorism: Challenges for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
    K. C. Zoon
            Cite This Article
    EID Zoon KC. Vaccines, Pharmaceutical Products, and Bioterrorism: Challenges for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):534-536. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990414
    AMA Zoon KC. Vaccines, Pharmaceutical Products, and Bioterrorism: Challenges for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):534-536. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990414.
    APA Zoon, K. C. (1999). Vaccines, Pharmaceutical Products, and Bioterrorism: Challenges for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 534-536. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990414.
  • Smallpox: Clinical and Epidemiologic Features PDF Version [PDF - 247 KB - 3 pages]
    D. A. Henderson
            Cite This Article
    EID Henderson DA. Smallpox: Clinical and Epidemiologic Features. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):537-539. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990415
    AMA Henderson DA. Smallpox: Clinical and Epidemiologic Features. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):537-539. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990415.
    APA Henderson, D. A. (1999). Smallpox: Clinical and Epidemiologic Features. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 537-539. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990415.
  • Smallpox: An Attack Scenario PDF Version [PDF - 63 KB - 7 pages]
    T. O'Toole
            Cite This Article
    EID O'Toole T. Smallpox: An Attack Scenario. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):540-546. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990416
    AMA O'Toole T. Smallpox: An Attack Scenario. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):540-546. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990416.
    APA O'Toole, T. (1999). Smallpox: An Attack Scenario. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 540-546. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990416.
  • Aftermath of a Hypothetical Smallpox Disaster PDF Version [PDF - 58 KB - 5 pages]
    J. Bardi
            Cite This Article
    EID Bardi J. Aftermath of a Hypothetical Smallpox Disaster. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):547-551. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990417
    AMA Bardi J. Aftermath of a Hypothetical Smallpox Disaster. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):547-551. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990417.
    APA Bardi, J. (1999). Aftermath of a Hypothetical Smallpox Disaster. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 547-551. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990417.
  • Clinical and Epidemiologic Principles of Anthrax PDF Version [PDF - 62 KB - 4 pages]
    T. J. Cieslak and E. M. Eitzen
            Cite This Article
    EID Cieslak TJ, Eitzen EM. Clinical and Epidemiologic Principles of Anthrax. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):552-555. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990418
    AMA Cieslak TJ, Eitzen EM. Clinical and Epidemiologic Principles of Anthrax. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):552-555. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990418.
    APA Cieslak, T. J., & Eitzen, E. M. (1999). Clinical and Epidemiologic Principles of Anthrax. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 552-555. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990418.
  • Anthrax: A Possible Case History PDF Version [PDF - 63 KB - 5 pages]
    T. V. Inglesby
            Cite This Article
    EID Inglesby TV. Anthrax: A Possible Case History. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):556-560. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990419
    AMA Inglesby TV. Anthrax: A Possible Case History. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):556-560. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990419.
    APA Inglesby, T. V. (1999). Anthrax: A Possible Case History. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 556-560. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990419.
  • Applying Lessons Learned from Anthrax Case History To Other Scenarios PDF Version [PDF - 55 KB - 3 pages]
    J. G. Bartlett
            Cite This Article
    EID Bartlett JG. Applying Lessons Learned from Anthrax Case History To Other Scenarios. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):561-563. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990420
    AMA Bartlett JG. Applying Lessons Learned from Anthrax Case History To Other Scenarios. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):561-563. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990420.
    APA Bartlett, J. G. (1999). Applying Lessons Learned from Anthrax Case History To Other Scenarios. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 561-563. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990420.
  • Addressing Bioterrorist Threats: Where Do We Go from Here? PDF Version [PDF - 46 KB - 2 pages]
    M. A. Hamburg
            Cite This Article
    EID Hamburg MA. Addressing Bioterrorist Threats: Where Do We Go from Here?. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):564-565. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990421
    AMA Hamburg MA. Addressing Bioterrorist Threats: Where Do We Go from Here?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):564-565. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990421.
    APA Hamburg, M. A. (1999). Addressing Bioterrorist Threats: Where Do We Go from Here?. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 564-565. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990421.

Historical Review

  • Historical Trends Related to Bioterrorism: An Empirical Analysis PDF Version [PDF - 1.11 MB - 7 pages]
    J. B. Tucker
            Cite This Article
    EID Tucker JB. Historical Trends Related to Bioterrorism: An Empirical Analysis. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):498-504. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990406
    AMA Tucker JB. Historical Trends Related to Bioterrorism: An Empirical Analysis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):498-504. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990406.
    APA Tucker, J. B. (1999). Historical Trends Related to Bioterrorism: An Empirical Analysis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 498-504. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990406.

Volume 5, Number 4—August 1999 - Continued

Dispatches

  • The Surveillance of Vero Cytotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O157 in Wales, 1990 to 1998 PDF Version [PDF - 68 KB - 4 pages]
    R. M. Chalmers et al.
        View Abstract

    Population-based surveillance for Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157 has been carried out in Wales since 1990. The annual incidence has remained stable during the 9-year period (mean: 1.6 cases per 100,000 population); the rate is highest in children younger than 5 years of age. Blood in the stool is reported in fewer than half the cases, indicating the importance of screening all fecal specimens for VTEC O157.

        Cite This Article
    EID Chalmers RM, Parry SM, Salmon RL, Smith RM, Willshaw GA, Cheasty T, et al. The Surveillance of Vero Cytotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O157 in Wales, 1990 to 1998. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):566-569. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990422
    AMA Chalmers RM, Parry SM, Salmon RL, et al. The Surveillance of Vero Cytotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O157 in Wales, 1990 to 1998. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):566-569. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990422.
    APA Chalmers, R. M., Parry, S. M., Salmon, R. L., Smith, R. M., Willshaw, G. A., & Cheasty, T. (1999). The Surveillance of Vero Cytotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli O157 in Wales, 1990 to 1998. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 566-569. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990422.
  • A Focus of Deer Tick Virus Transmission in the Northcentral United States PDF Version [PDF - 89 KB - 5 pages]
    G. D. Ebel et al.
        View Abstract

    We screened salivary glands from adult deer ticks collected near Spooner and Hayward, Wisconsin, to determine whether deer tick virus, a recently described flavivirus, occurs with other tickborne agents in the upper Midwest. Intraacinar inclusions sug- gestive of replicating virus were detected in 4 (4.6%) of 87 ticks. The virus was isolated by suckling-mouse inoculation.

        Cite This Article
    EID Ebel GD, Foppa I, Spielman A, Telford SR. A Focus of Deer Tick Virus Transmission in the Northcentral United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):570-574. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990423
    AMA Ebel GD, Foppa I, Spielman A, et al. A Focus of Deer Tick Virus Transmission in the Northcentral United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):570-574. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990423.
    APA Ebel, G. D., Foppa, I., Spielman, A., & Telford, S. R. (1999). A Focus of Deer Tick Virus Transmission in the Northcentral United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 570-574. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990423.
  • Dengue Reemergence in Argentina PDF Version [PDF - 299 KB - 4 pages]
    G. Avilés et al.
        View Abstract

    Aedes aegypti, eradicated from Argentina in 1963, has now reinfested the country as far south as Buenos Aires. In 1997, four persons with travel histories to Brazil, Ecuador, or Venezuela had confirmed dengue, and surveillance for indigenous transmission allowed the detection of 19 dengue cases in Salta Province. These cases of dengue are the first in Argentina since 1916 and represent a new southern extension of dengue virus.

        Cite This Article
    EID Avilés G, Rangeón G, Vorndam V, Briones A, Baroni P, Enria D, et al. Dengue Reemergence in Argentina. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):575-578. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990424
    AMA Avilés G, Rangeón G, Vorndam V, et al. Dengue Reemergence in Argentina. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):575-578. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990424.
    APA Avilés, G., Rangeón, G., Vorndam, V., Briones, A., Baroni, P., Enria, D....Sabattini, M. (1999). Dengue Reemergence in Argentina. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 575-578. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990424.
  • Chlorine Disinfection of Recreational Water for Cryptosporidium parvum PDF Version [PDF - 73 KB - 6 pages]
    C. Carpenter et al.
        View Abstract

    We examined the effects of chlorine on oocyst viability, under the conditions of controlled pH and elevated calcium concentrations required for most community swimming pools. We found that fecal material may alter the Ct values (chlorine concentration in mg/L, multiplied by time in minutes) needed to disinfect swimming pools or other recreational water for Cryptosporidium parvum.

        Cite This Article
    EID Carpenter C, Fayer R, Trout J, Beach MJ. Chlorine Disinfection of Recreational Water for Cryptosporidium parvum. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):579-584. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990425
    AMA Carpenter C, Fayer R, Trout J, et al. Chlorine Disinfection of Recreational Water for Cryptosporidium parvum. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):579-584. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990425.
    APA Carpenter, C., Fayer, R., Trout, J., & Beach, M. J. (1999). Chlorine Disinfection of Recreational Water for Cryptosporidium parvum. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 579-584. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990425.
  • Cyclospora cayetanensis Among Expatriate and Indigenous Populations of West Java, Indonesia PDF Version [PDF - 139 KB - 4 pages]
    D. J. Fryauff et al.
        View Abstract

    From January 1995 through July 1998, we investigated the occurrence of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection associated with gastrointestinal illness or diarrhea in foreign residents and natives of West Java, Indonesia. We found that C. cayetanensis was the main protozoal cause of gastrointestinal illness and diarrhea in adult foreign residents during the wet season. The parasite rarely caused illness in the indigenous population or in children.

        Cite This Article
    EID Fryauff DJ, Krippner R, Prodjodipuro P, Ewald C, Kawengian S, Pegelow K, et al. Cyclospora cayetanensis Among Expatriate and Indigenous Populations of West Java, Indonesia. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):585-588. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990426
    AMA Fryauff DJ, Krippner R, Prodjodipuro P, et al. Cyclospora cayetanensis Among Expatriate and Indigenous Populations of West Java, Indonesia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):585-588. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990426.
    APA Fryauff, D. J., Krippner, R., Prodjodipuro, P., Ewald, C., Kawengian, S., Pegelow, K....Gross, R. (1999). Cyclospora cayetanensis Among Expatriate and Indigenous Populations of West Java, Indonesia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 585-588. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990426.
  • The First Major Outbreak of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Delhi, India PDF Version [PDF - 58 KB - 2 pages]
    L. Dar et al.
        View Abstract

    An outbreak of dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHS/DSS) occurred in 1996 in India in and near Delhi. The cause was confirmed as dengue virus type 2, by virus cultivation and indirect immunofluorescence with type-specific monoclonal antibodies. This is the largest such outbreak reported from India, indicating a serious resurgence of dengue virus infection.

        Cite This Article
    EID Dar L, Broor S, Sengupta S, Seth P. The First Major Outbreak of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Delhi, India. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):589-590. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990427
    AMA Dar L, Broor S, Sengupta S, et al. The First Major Outbreak of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Delhi, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):589-590. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990427.
    APA Dar, L., Broor, S., Sengupta, S., & Seth, P. (1999). The First Major Outbreak of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Delhi, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 589-590. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990427.

Commentaries

  • Addressing the Potential Threat of Bioterrorism—Value Added to an Improved Public Health Infrastructure PDF Version [PDF - 40 KB - 1 page]
    J. E. McDade
            Cite This Article
    EID McDade JE. Addressing the Potential Threat of Bioterrorism—Value Added to an Improved Public Health Infrastructure. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):591. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990428
    AMA McDade JE. Addressing the Potential Threat of Bioterrorism—Value Added to an Improved Public Health Infrastructure. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):591. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990428.
    APA McDade, J. E. (1999). Addressing the Potential Threat of Bioterrorism—Value Added to an Improved Public Health Infrastructure. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 591. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990428.

Letters

  • Current Status of Smallpox Vaccine PDF Version [PDF - 51 KB - 2 pages]
    J. W. LeDuc and J. Becher
            Cite This Article
    EID LeDuc JW, Becher J. Current Status of Smallpox Vaccine. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):593-594. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.9904029
    AMA LeDuc JW, Becher J. Current Status of Smallpox Vaccine. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):593-594. doi:10.3201/eid0504.9904029.
    APA LeDuc, J. W., & Becher, J. (1999). Current Status of Smallpox Vaccine. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 593-594. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.9904029.
  • West Nile Fever in Czechland PDF Version [PDF - 54 KB - 1 page]
    Z. Hubálek et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Hubálek Z, Halouzka J, Juricová Z. West Nile Fever in Czechland. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):594. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990430
    AMA Hubálek Z, Halouzka J, Juricová Z. West Nile Fever in Czechland. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):594. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990430.
    APA Hubálek, Z., Halouzka, J., & Juricová, Z. (1999). West Nile Fever in Czechland. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 594. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990430.
  • Ofloxacin-Resistant Vibrio cholerae O139 in Hong Kong PDF Version [PDF - 58 KB - 3 pages]
    K. M. Kam et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Kam KM, Luey KY, Cheung TL, Ho KY, Mak KH, Saw PT, et al. Ofloxacin-Resistant Vibrio cholerae O139 in Hong Kong. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):595-597. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990431
    AMA Kam KM, Luey KY, Cheung TL, et al. Ofloxacin-Resistant Vibrio cholerae O139 in Hong Kong. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):595-597. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990431.
    APA Kam, K. M., Luey, K. Y., Cheung, T. L., Ho, K. Y., Mak, K. H., & Saw, P. T. (1999). Ofloxacin-Resistant Vibrio cholerae O139 in Hong Kong. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 595-597. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990431.
  • Plant Pathology and Public Health PDF Version [PDF - 52 KB - 2 pages]
    K. G. Scholthof
            Cite This Article
    EID Scholthof KG. Plant Pathology and Public Health. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):597-598. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990432
    AMA Scholthof KG. Plant Pathology and Public Health. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):597-598. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990432.
    APA Scholthof, K. G. (1999). Plant Pathology and Public Health. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 597-598. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990432.
  • Pet-Associated Zoonoses PDF Version [PDF - 46 KB - 1 page]
    L. L. Barton et al.
            Cite This Article
    EID Barton LL, Villar RG, Connick M. Pet-Associated Zoonoses. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):598. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990433
    AMA Barton LL, Villar RG, Connick M. Pet-Associated Zoonoses. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):598. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990433.
    APA Barton, L. L., Villar, R. G., & Connick, M. (1999). Pet-Associated Zoonoses. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 598. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990433.

Books and Media

  • Clinical Infectious Diseases: A Practical Approach PDF Version [PDF - 34 KB - 2 pages]
    J. M. Miller
            Cite This Article
    EID Miller JM. Clinical Infectious Diseases: A Practical Approach. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):599-600. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990434
    AMA Miller JM. Clinical Infectious Diseases: A Practical Approach. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):599-600. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990434.
    APA Miller, J. M. (1999). Clinical Infectious Diseases: A Practical Approach. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 599-600. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990434.

About the Cover

Conference Summaries

  • About the First National Symposium on Medical and Public Health Response to Bioterrorism PDF Version [PDF - 52 KB - 1 page]
    D. Henderson
            Cite This Article
    EID Henderson D. About the First National Symposium on Medical and Public Health Response to Bioterrorism. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5(4):491. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990401
    AMA Henderson D. About the First National Symposium on Medical and Public Health Response to Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1999;5(4):491. doi:10.3201/eid0504.990401.
    APA Henderson, D. (1999). About the First National Symposium on Medical and Public Health Response to Bioterrorism. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4), 491. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990401.
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