About the Yellow Book: Front Matter
The front matter from the printed edition of CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012, pages i-xxi, is included here.
Editor in Chief
Gary W. Brunette, MD, MS
Phyllis E. Kozarsky, MD
Alan J. Magill, MD
David R. Shlim, MD
Amanda D. Whatley, MPH
US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Public Health Service
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases
Division of Global Migration and Quarantine
Oxford University Press
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012. New York: Oxford University Press; 2012.
Readers are invited to send comments and suggestions regarding this publication to Gary W. Brunette, Editor in Chief, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (E-03), Travelers’ Health Branch (proposed), 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.
Both generic and trade names (without trademark symbols) are used in this text. In all cases, the decision to use one or the other was made based on recognition factors and was done for the convenience of the intended audience. Therefore, the use of trade names and commercial sources in this publication is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, or CDC.
References to non-CDC Internet sites are provided as a service to readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, or CDC. CDC is not responsible for the content of these sites. URL addresses were current as of the date of publication.
This material is not intended to be, and should not be considered, a substitute for medical or other professional advice. Treatment for the conditions described in this material is highly dependent on the individual circumstances. While this material is designed to offer accurate information with respect to the subject matter covered and to be current as of the time it was written, research and knowledge about medical and health issues are constantly evolving, and dose schedules for medications are being revised continually, with new side effects recognized and accounted for regularly. Readers must therefore always check the product information and clinical procedures with the most up-to-date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulation. Oxford University Press and the authors make no representations or warranties to readers, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of this material, including without limitation that they make no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or efficacy of the drug dosages mentioned in the material. The authors and the publishers do not accept, and expressly disclaim, any responsibility for any liability, loss, or risk that may be claimed or incurred as a consequence of the use and/or application of any of the contents of this material.
The Publisher is responsible for author selection and the Publisher and the Author(s) make all editorial decisions, including decisions regarding content. The Publisher and the Author(s) are not responsible for any product information added to this publication by companies purchasing copies of it for distribution to clinicians.
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Editor in Chief: Gary W. Brunette
Medical Editors: Phyllis E. Kozarsky, Alan J. Magill, and David R. Shlim
Managing Editor: Amanda D. Whatley
Design and Production Editor: Kelly Holton
Editorial Advisor: C. Virginia Lee
Technical Writer-Editors: Ronnie Henry and Ava W. Navin
Editorial Assistant: Tricia A. Schwartz
Cartographer: Kevin Liske
Alexander, James P.
Arguin, Paul M.
Ballesteros, Michael F.
Barskey IV, Albert E.
Barzilay, Ezra J.
Blaney, David D.
Boore, Amy L.
Brogdon, William G.
Brooks, John T.
Brown, Clive M.
Brunette, Gary W.
Buff, Ann M.
Chang, Loretta S.
Chiller, Tom M.
Czarkowski, Alan G.
Dasch, Gregory A.
De, Barun K.
Dhara, V. Ramana
Nuorti, J. Pekka
Ong, Kanyin L.
Ortega, Luis S.
Powers, Ann M.
Reef, Susan E.
Reynolds, Mary G.
Rollin, Pierre E.
Roy, Sharon L.
Rupprecht, Charles E.
Schilling, Katharine A.
Schwartz, Tricia A.
Shadomy, Sean V.
Sharapov, Umid M.
Shay, David K.
Dunne, Eileen F.
Dykewicz, Clare A.
Eremeeva, Marina E.
Fagan, Ryan P.
Fiebelkorn, Amy Parker
Fox, LeAnne M.
Gallagher, Kathleen M.
Gallagher, Nancy M.
Galland, G. Gale
Garrison, Laurel E.
Gee, Jay E.
Gibney, Katherine B.
Gould, L. Hannah
Green, Michael D.
Griffi th, Kevin S.
Griffi n, Patricia M.
Guerra, Marta A.
Hall, Aron J.
Herwaldt, Barbara L.
Hicks, Lauri A.
Hills, Susan L.
Hlavsa, Michele C.
Illig, Petra A.
Jackson, Michael L.
Jentes, Emily S.
Johnson, Katherine J.
Jones, Jeffrey L.
Koumans, Emilia H.
Kozarsky, Phyllis E.
Skoff, Tami H.
Slaten, Douglas D.
Sleet, David A.
Smith, Jean Clare
Smith, Theresa L.
Sommers, Theresa E.
Staples, J. Erin
Steele, Stefanie F.
Sutton, Madeline Y.
Tan, Kathrine R.
Teshale, Eyasu H.
Thomas, Cynthia G.
Tiwari, Tejpratap S. P.
Tomashek, Kay M.
Kutty, Preeta K.
Lee, C. Virginia
Maloney, Susan A.
Marienau, Karen J.
Markowitz, Lauri E.
Marshall, Candace M.
McLean, Huong Q.
Mead, Paul S.
Miller, Charles W.
Miller, Jeffrey R.
Moro, Pedro L.
Mullan, Robert J.
Nasci, Roger S.
Naughton, Mary P.
Navin, Ava W.
Nett, Randall J.
Novak, Ryan T.
Wallace, Gregory S.
Warnock III, Eli W.
Wassilak, Steven G. F.
Waterman, Stephen H.
Watson, John C.
Whatley, Amanda D.
Wilson, Todd W.
Wirtz, Robert A.
Yanni, Emad A.
|Acosta, Rebecca W.||Traveler’s Medical Service of New York, New York, NY|
|Ahmed, Qanta||State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY; Glasgow Caledonian University
School of Public Health, Scotland, UK; and Templeton-Cambridge Journalism
Fellow, England, UK
|Ansdell, Vernon E.||University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI|
|Backer, Howard D.||California Health and Human Services Agency, Sacramento, CA|
|Barbeau, Deborah Nicolls||Tulane University, New Orleans, LA|
|Barnett, Elizabeth D.||Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA|
|Borwein, Sarah T.||TravelSafe Medical Centre, Hong Kong, China|
|Brownstein, John S.||Children’s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA|
|Carroll, I. Dale||The Pregnant Traveler, Spring Lake, MI|
|Cersovsky, Steven B.||US Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD|
|Chavez, Gilberto F.||Center for Infectious Disease, California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, CA|
|Connor, Bradley A.||Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY|
|DeFraites, Robert F.||Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Silver Spring, MD|
|Ebner, Jodi||Center for Global Education, University of California, Los Angeles, CA|
|Franco-Paredes, Carlos||Emory University, Atlanta, GA, and Hospital Infantil de México, Federico Gómez, México DF, México|
|Freedman, David O.||University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL|
|Freifeld, Clark C.||Children’s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA|
|Gushulak, Brian D.||Migration Health Consultants, Cheltenham, Canada|
|Hackett, Peter H.||Institute for Altitude Medicine, Telluride, CO, and Altitude Research Center, University of Colorado, Denver, CO|
|Harriman, Kathleen H.||California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA|
|Hidron, Alicia I.||Emory University and Atlanta Veteran’s Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, GA|
|Hochberg, Natasha||Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA|
|Howard, Cynthia R.||University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN|
|John, Chandy C.||University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN|
|Jong, Elaine C.||University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA|
|Kain, Kevin C.||University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada|
|Keystone, Jay S.||University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada|
|LaRocque, Regina C.||Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University, Boston, MA|
|Mackell, Sheila M.||Mountain View Pediatrics, Flagstaff, AZ|
|Magill, Alan J.||Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD|
|McCarthy, Anne E.||Ottawa Hospital and University of Ottawa, Ottawa Canada|
|Neumann, Karl||Weill Medical College of Cornell University and New York Presbyterian Hospital/Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY|
|Nord, Daniel A.||Divers Alert Network, Durham, NC|
|Offit, Paul||The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA|
|Ostroff, Stephen M.||Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, PA|
|Rhodes, Gary||Center for Global Education, University of California, Los Angeles, CA|
|Ryan, Edward T.||Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University, Boston, MA|
|Schantz, Peter M.||Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA|
|Shlim, David R.||Jackson Hole Travel and Tropical Medicine, Jackson Hole, WY|
|Sonricker, Amy L.||Children’s Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA|
|Stauffer, William M.||University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, and CDC, Atlanta, GA|
|Walker, Patricia F.||University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, and HealthPartners, Center for International Health and Travel Medicine Clinics, St. Paul, MN|
|Wilson, Mary Elizabeth||Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA|
All contributors have signed a statement indicating that they have no conflicts of interest with the subject matter or materials discussed in the document(s) that they have written or reviewed for this book and that the information that they have written or reviewed for this book is objective and free from bias.
The CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012 editorial team gratefully acknowledges all the authors and reviewers for their commitment to this new edition. We extend sincere thanks to the following people for their contributions to the production of this book:
- Elise Beltrami, Clive Brown, Mark Gershman, Emily Jentes, Katherine Johnson, and Theresa Sommers for their extensive review of the text.
- Erin Carner, Samantha Dolan, Stefanie Erskine, Candace Marshall, Crystal Polite, Rhett Stoney, and Cathy Young for their assistance in preparing the text for publication.
To stay on the cutting edge of travel health information, this latest edition of CDC Health Information for International Travel has been extensively revised. The book serves as a guide to the practice of travel medicine, as well as the authoritative source of US government recommendations for immunizations and prophylaxis for foreign travel. As international travel continues to become more common in the lives of US residents, having at least a basic understanding of the medical problems that travelers face has become a necessary aspect of practicing medicine. The goal of this book is to be a comprehensive resource for clinicians to find the answers to their travel health-related questions.
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, Director
NATIONAL CENTER FOR EMERGING AND ZOONOTIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Beth P. Bell, MD, MPH, Director
DIVISION OF GLOBAL MIGRATION AND QUARANTINE
Martin S. Cetron, MD, Director
Gary W. Brunette, MD, MS, Chief, Travelers’ Health Branch (proposed)
Phyllis E. Kozarsky, MD, Expert Consultant, Travelers’ Health Branch (proposed)
Amanda D. Whatley, MPH, CHES, Health Communications Specialist, Travelers’ Health Branch (proposed)