Chapter 9Health Considerations For Newly Arrived Immigrants & Refugees
Migrant Health Resources
Historically, the Yellow Book has addressed travel health issues for US residents visiting countries outside the United States. In this increasingly mobile world, the discipline of travel medicine is evolving to recognize nontraditional groups who cross international boundaries into and out of the United States. One such group includes people who originate in other countries and migrate to the United States, either temporarily or permanently. Recognized migrants to the United States include immigrants (documented and undocumented), refugees, asylum seekers, and international adoptees. In addition, students and corporate workers are frequent visitors to the United States. Many clinics serving the traditional travel population also function as contact points with the US medical system for these populations, particularly for immigrants and refugees. This section provides resources to assist clinicians and organizations that serve these populations to access up-to-date patient-care guidelines, online education materials, and print resources.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: predeparture and postarrival presumptive treatment and medical screening guidelines for refugees relocating to the United States, available at www.cdc.gov/immigrantrefugeehealth/guidelines/refugee-guidelines.html
- American Academy of Pediatrics: guidance on medical screening and vaccination issues in adoptees, refugees, and immigrants, available in the online Red Book at http://aapredbook.aappublications.org
- Canadian Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health: clinical preventive guidelines for primary care for newly arriving immigrants and refugees, available at www.ccirh.uottawa.ca
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Immigrant and Refugee Health: information on immigrants and refugees who are resettling in the United States and resources, at www.cdc.gov/immigrantrefugeehealth/index.html
- Travelers’ Health: health information for international travelers, at www.cdc.gov/travel
- Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria: clinical and public policy information on parasitic diseases, at www.cdc.gov/parasites AND www.cdc.gov/malaria
- International Emergency and Refugee Health: health information pertaining to complex humanitarian emergencies, at www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/ierh
- Refugee Health Technical Assistance Center: multiple refugee resources and online education, at www.refugeehealthta.org
- Minnesota Department of Health: multiple resources for clinicians in refugee health at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/refugee/hcp/index.html, as well as refugee topics, at www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/refugee/topics/index.html
- Healthy Roads Media: health education materials, including video, in a variety of languages, at http://healthyroadsmedia.org
- EthnoMed: information about cultural beliefs, medical issues, and other related issues pertinent to the health care of recent immigrants, at http://ethnomed.org/ethnomed
- Health Information Translations: common hospital signs with multiple translations, at www.healthinfotranslations.com
- Medical Leadership Council on Cultural Proficiency: database of patient information resources in a variety of languages and organizations providing services in languages other than English, at www.medicalleadership.org/resources/patient-educations
- Refugee Health Information Network: multilingual information for clinicians, refugees, and asylum seekers in print, audio, and video formats, at www.rhin.org
- US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants: toolkits on multiple health issues for clinicians, migrants, and communities in multiple languages, at www.refugees.org
- US Citizenship and Immigration Services: information regarding adjustment of status, at www.uscis.gov
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Health Information System (HIS): information about health issues in specific refugee camps or populations where refugees are originating, at www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646ce0.html
Textbooks with a Focus on Migrant Health
- Immigrant Medicine. Walker PF, Barnett ED, editors. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.
- Migration Medicine and Health: Principles and Practice. Gushulak BD, MacPherson D, editors. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker; 2006.
- Travel Medicine and Migrant Health. Lockie C, Walker E, Calvert L, Cossar J, Knill-Jones R, Raeside F, editors. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2000.
- Refugee and Immigrant Health. A Handbook for Health Professionals. Kemp C, Rasbridge LA, editors. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2004.
Textbooks with a Focus on Tropical Diseases
- Atlas of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 6th ed. Peters W, Pasvol G, editors. Edinburgh: Mosby; 2007.
- Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles & Practice of Infectious Diseases. 7th ed. Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, editors. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2010.
- Hunter’s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Magill AJ, Ryan ET, Hill D, Solomon T, editors. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2012.
- Manson’s Tropical Diseases. 22nd ed. Cook GC, Zumla AI, editors. Edinburgh, UK: Saunders Ltd; 2008.
- Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens and Practice. 3rd ed. Guerrant RL, Walker DH, Weller PF, editors. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2011.
- Global Health Education Consortium’s Global Health Bibliography: bibliography of selected citations for use by students and faculty in global health, at http://globalhealthedu.org/resources/Pages/GlobalHealthBibliography.aspx
- University of Minnesota reading list on refugee and immigrant health: comprehensive reading list for people interested in refugee and immigrant health, at www.globalhealth.umn.edu/free-intro-course/immigrant-refugee-health-short-course-resources/index.htm
- University of Minnesota/CDC: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH)-accredited course in global health—open access to lectures and online content with a focus on immigrant and refugee health, at www.globalhealth.umn.edu.
- ASTMH-accredited courses in tropical and travel medicine: list of ASTMH-accredited tropical and travel medicine courses, at www.astmh.org/Approved_Diploma_Courses/2867.htm
- Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma: http://hprt-cambridge.org
Organization Websites with Migrant Information
- US Department of Health and Human Services
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Immigrant and Refugee Health: www.cdc.gov/immigrantrefugeehealth/index.html
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees: www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home
- World Health Organization refugee page: www.who.int/topics/refugees/en
- American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene: www.astmh.org
- International Organization for Migration: www.iom.int
- International Society of Travel Medicine, Health of Migrants and Refugees Committee: www.istm.org/WebForms/Members/MemberActivities/VolunteerActivities/interest_groups/migrants.aspx
- Global Health Education Consortium: http://globalhealtheducation.org
- Global Health Council: www.globalhealth.org
- Consortium of Universities for Global Health: www.cugh.org
- Pre-travel handouts for non-English-speaking patients (multiple topics in over 15 languages): www.tropical.umn.edu/TTM/VFR/index.htm
- The Providers’ Guide to Quality and Culture: http://erc.msh.org/mainpage.cfm?file=1.0.htm&module=provider&language=English