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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006


Spongiform Encephalopathy in a Miniature Zebu

Torsten Seuberlich*1Comments to Author , Catherine Botteron*1, Christian Wenker†, Valeria Café-Marçal*, Anna Oevermann*, Bianca Haase*, Tosso Leeb*, Dagmar Heim‡, and Andreas Zurbriggen*
Author affiliations: *University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland; †Zoo Basel, Basel, Switzerland; ‡Federal Veterinary Office, Berne, Switzerland

Main Article

Table 1

Pathologic findings in a zebu with spongiform encephalopathy, Switzerland, 2004

Site Finding
Vertebral column Severe degeneration of intervertebral discs with ankylosing spondylarthrosis
Joints of extremities Degenerative joint disease
Liver Biliary cysts (affecting 60% of the liver)
Kidney Tubular cysts; mild interstitial nephritis with glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy
Urinary bladder Multiple papillomas
Abdominal cavity Multiple foci of fat necrosis
Cardiovascular system Mild coronary arteriosclerosis; mild valvular endocardiosis (mitral valve)
Mediastinal lymph nodes Focal metastatic neuroendocrine tumor (origin unknown)
Central nervous system Spongiform encephalopathy; metabolic encephalopathy (hepatoencephalopathy)

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this work.