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Volume 10, Number 3—March 2004

Dispatch

First Reported Prairie Dog–to-Human Tularemia Transmission, Texas, 2002

Swati B. Avashia*†Comments to Author , Jeannine M. Petersen‡, Connie M. Lindley§, Martin E. Schriefer‡, Kenneth L. Gage‡, Marty Cetron*, Thomas A. DeMarcus*, David K. Kim*, Jan Buck§, John A. Montenieri‡, Jennifer L. Lowell‡, Michael F. Antolin¶, Michael Y. Kosoy‡, Leon G. Carter‡, May C. Chu‡, Katherine A. Hendricks†, David T. Dennis‡, and Jacob L. Kool‡
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Texas Department of Health, Austin, Texas, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; §Texas Department of Health, Arlington, Texas, USA; ¶Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

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Table 1

Diagnostic results for all animals tested in association with tularemia outbreak in prairie dogs, Texas, 2002

Location Species No. animals tested Confirmed positivea
Facility A
Prairie dogs
163
61
Retrieved from other Texas facilities
Prairie dogs
7
1
Czech Republic
Prairie dogs
6
1
Trapper facility, TX
Prairie dogs
8
0
Trapper facility, SD
Prairie dogs
2
0
Michigan
Prairie dogs
2
0
Facility A
Chinchilla, sugarglider, hedgehog, red squirrel, eastern chipmunk
16
0
Field investigation, Mellette County, SD Prairie dogs, deer mice, white-footed mice, grasshopper mice, ground squirrel, jack rabbit,
meadow vole 90 0

aPrairie dogs were confirmed positive on recovery of an isolate with characteristic growth on cysteine heart agar with 9% chocolatized blood and positive testing of the isolate by direct fluorescent antibody or polymerase chain reaction.

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