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Volume 10, Number 4—April 2004

Dispatch

Murine Typhus with Renal Involvement in Canary Islands, Spain

Michele Hernández-Cabrera1*†, Alfonso Angel-Moreno1*†, Evora Santana*†, Margarita Bolaños*, Adela Francès*, Antonio-Manuel Martín-Sánchez*†, and Jose Luis Pérez-Arellano*†
Author affiliations: *Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain; †Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain

Main Article

Table 1

Clinical findingsa

Clinical findings Location of study
Dumler, TX
1991 Silpapojakul, Thailand
1992 Bernabeu, Seville
1999 Fergie, TX
2000 Whiteford, TX
2001 Gikas, Crete
2002 Canary Islands
2003
n
80
137
104
30
97
83
22
Fever
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
Headache
75
41
71
77
76
88
90
Rash
54
20
62
80
63
80

Arthromyalgia
46
44
77
57
40
45
45
Hepatomegaly
-
24
29
-
-
22
38
Cough
35
-
25
40
15
28
28
Diarrhea
26
5
5
40
33
11
18
Splenomegaly
-
5
24
-
-
23
14
Bite
39
0
3
3,3
34
-
13
Nausea/vomiting
48
3
23
43
45
18
13
Abdominal pain
23
10
-
60
27
11
13
Confusion 8 2 4 7 8 10 13

aData are expressed as a percentage; TX, Texas.

Main Article

1Drs. Hernández-Cabrera and Angel-Moreno contributed equally to the article.

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