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Volume 10, Number 6—June 2004

Research

Respiratory Picornaviruses and Respiratory Syncytial Virus as Causative Agents of Acute Expiratory Wheezing in Children

Tuomas Jartti*Comments to Author , Pasi Lehtinen*, Tytti Vuorinen†, Riikka Österback†, Bernadette van den Hoogen‡, Albert D.M.E. Osterhaus‡, and Olli Ruuskanen*
Author affiliations: *Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; †Turku University, Turku, Finland; ‡Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

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Table 2

Viral etiology of acute expiratory wheezing in childrena

Y of study (Ref.) Wheezing episodes Age (y) Methods for virus detection
Viral identification rates (%)
Culture Antigen Serology PCR RSV Rhino Entero PIV types 1–3 Influ. A/B Adeno Corona HMPV Total pos.
1965 (17)
225
0–16
+



8
3
5
4
0
4


27
1971 (18)
855
0–14
+



9
2
1
8
1
2


25
1975 (19)
1,515
0–12
+



3
12
3
3
2
1


23
1976 (20)
267
1–12
+

+

4
6
1
1
1
3


14
1979 (21)
1,851
0–15
+



7
1

6

2


21
1979 (22)
554
0–12
+



2
13
4
4
2
1


26
1979 (23)
72
5–15
+



1
28

3
10
1


49
1984 (24)
256
2–15
+
+
+

5


4
2
3
2

29
1987 (25)
204
0–12
+
+
+

6
1
5
0
3
2


19
1993 (26)
99
0.2–16
+
+


14
19
3
0
2
0


36
1996 (27)
181
0.3–2
+
+


12
6
1
7

2


26
1999 (3)
70
0.2–16
+
+

+
26
61
1

1

4

83
1999 (28)
132
0.3–14

+

+
21
47
10
4
5
5
5

82
2000 (29)
84
0.7

+

+
54
10
8
0
0
13
0

74
2002 (30)
118
0–1.5



+
53
21

3
3
8
3

74
2003 (4) 179 0.1–17 + + + 7 79 1 2 2 88

aSampling period of at least 12 mo.
bRSV, respiratory syncytial virus; PCR, polymerase chain reaction; rhino, rhinovirus; entero, enterovirus, PIV, parainfluenza virus; influ., influenza virus; adeno, adenovirus; corona, coronavirus; HMPV, human metapnemovirus; pos., positive.

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