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Volume 10, Number 6—June 2004

Research

Yellow Fever Outbreak, Imatong, Southern Sudan

Clayton O. Onyango*Comments to Author , Victor O. Ofula*, Rosemary C. Sang*, Samson L. Konongoi*, Abdourahmane Sow†, Kevin M. De Cock‡, Peter M. Tukei§, Fredrick A. Okoth§, Robert Swanepoel¶, Felicity J. Burt¶, Norman C. Waters#, and Rodney L. Coldren#
Author affiliations: *World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for Arbovirus and Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Nairobi, Kenya; †WHO South Sudan, Warwick Center, Nairobi, Kenya; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya; ¶National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa; #U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Main Article

Table

History, location and results obtained from patients during yellow fever outbreak, Imatong, southern Sudan, May 2003

Case no Village Sex Age (y) Days after onset Flavivirus IgM RT-PCRa Virus isolation mice/cells Blood smear MPSb
001c
Lofi
Male
48
8

+
+/+
nd
002d
Locomo
Male
60
4


nde/–

003d
Tarafafa
Female
unknown
1

+
+/+
+
004d
Itohom
Female
12
Unknown
+

nd/–
+
005d
Tarafafa
Female
16
6
+

nd/–
+
006d
Locomo
Female
7
1

+
+/+
nd
007d
unknown
Male
unknown
Unknown
+

nd/–
+
008d
Lofi
Female
40
1

+
+/+

009c
Imatong
Female
35
Unknown


nd/–
nd
010d
Locomo
Female
15
Unknown
+

nd/–
+
011d
Locomo
Male
45
Unknown
+

nd/–
+
012d
Lofulang
Male
25
7
+

nd/–
nd
013d
Locomo
Female
8
1

+
+/+
nd
014d
Locomo
Male
60
Unknown
+

nd/–

015d
Ogolok
Male
42
Unknown


nd/–

016d
Locomo
Male
55
7
+

nd/–

017d
Tarafafa
Female
9
3


nd/–

018d
Lotodo
Female
3
Unknown


nd/–

0195
Imatong
Male
14
Unknown


nd/–
nd
0205
Imatong
Female
30
20


nd/–
+
0216
Lofi
Female
10
Unknown
+

nd/–

022f
Locomo
Male
25
Unknown
+

nd/–
nd
023f
Tarafafa
Male
60
Unknown
+

nd/–
nd
024d
unknown
Male
23
Unknown


nd/–

025f
Locomo
Female
40
Unknown
+

nd/–
nd
026d
Lofong
Female
16
Unknown


nd/–

027d
Locomo
Female
4
Unknown
+

nd/–
nd
028f Itede Female 23 21 nd/– nd

aSpecimens were tested using primers reactive with genus Flavivirus and with a second set of primers specific to yellow fever virus. Nucleotide sequences were also determined.
bMalaria parasite smear.
cFatal case.
dNo outcome for cases due to inaccessibility.
eNot done.
fRecovered.

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