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Volume 10, Number 9—September 2004

Research

Foodborne Botulism in the United States, 1990–2000

Jeremy Sobel*Comments to Author , Nicole Tucker*, Alana Sulka*, Joseph McLaughlin*†1, and Susan Maslanka*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Alaska State Department of Health and Social Services, Anchorage, Alaska, USA

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Table 3

Foodborne botulism events, United States, 1990–2000a

Type of processing/food No. eventsb No. cases
Noncommercial,home canned
  Asparagus 9 14
  Squash 1 2
  Peppers 2 4
  Corn 1 1
  Beans 2 3
  Pumpkin 1 1
  Greens 2 2
  Tomato juice 1 1
  Olives 4 4
  Beets 3 6
  Not specified 3 4
  Vegetables, no further specificity 3 3
  Mushrooms 2 2
  Soup, no further specificity 1 2
  Stew, no further specificity 1 3
  Potatoes 1 1
  Tuna 2 4
  Eggplant 1 2
  Turnips 1 1
  Carrots 1 3
  Eggs 1 1
  Chiles 1 1
  Pickles 1 1
  Garlic in oil 2 4
  Total 47 70
Noncommercial, not home canned
  Sausage 2 3
  Salsa 2 2
  Potato salad 2 3
  Bread pudding 1 1
  Liver paté 1 1
  Soup, no further specificity 4 4
  Beef chili 1 2
  Meatballs and sauce 1 1
  Roast beef 1 1
  Apple pie 1 1
  Potatoes 3 3
  Hamburger 1 1
  Pickled herring 1 4
  Total 21 27
Commercial
  Salted,uneviscerated fish (mohola) 1 3
  Palani (surgeon fish) 1 3
  Burrito 1 1
  Clam chowder 1 2
  Bean dip 1 1
  Total 5 10
Restaurant-made
  Cheese sauce 1 8
  Skordalia potato dip 1 17
  Total 2 25
  Other
  Peyote tea 1 1
  Unknown 25 26
  Total, contiguous states and Hawaii 102 160
  Alaska
  Noncommercial
  Seal oil 14 20
  Fish eggs 7 18
  Fermented sea mammals 11 21
  Fermented fish 14 28
  Mixed ingredients 3 5
  Total 49 92
  Unknown 913 11
  Total, Alaska 58 103
  Total, United States 160 263

aFoods were implicated either by isolation of toxin from the food or by epidemiologic investigation without laboratory confirmation.
bEvent was defined as a sporadic case or outbreak of >2 related cases.

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