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Volume 10, Number 9—September 2004

Research

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Europe, 1999–2002

Edine W. Tiemersma*Comments to Author , Stef L.A.M. Bronzwaer†, Outi Lyytikäinen†, John E. Degener‡, Paul Schrijnemakers*, Nienke Bruinsma*, Jos Monen*, Wolfgang Witte§, Hajo Grundmann*, and European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System Participants
Author affiliations: *National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands; †National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland; ‡University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; §Robert Koch Institute, Werningerode, Germany

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of EARSS database by countriesa,b

Country (EARSS country code) No. of hospitalsc Total no. of isolates No. of MRSA isolates (%) Period of participation
Austria (AT) 11 656 58 (8.8) Jan 2000–Dec 2002
Belgium (BE) 36 2,953 696 (23.6) Jul 1999–Dec 2002
Bulgaria (BG) 4 183 62 (33.9) Jan 2000–Dec 2002
Croatia (HR) 6 341 125 (36.7) Jul 2001–Dec 2002
Czech Republic (CZ) 35 2,426 142 (5.9) Apr 2000–Dec 2002
Denmark (DK) 22 2,406 14 (0.6) Jan 1999–Sept 2002
Estonia (EE) 3 112 1 (0.9) Jan 2001–Dec 2002
Finland (FI) 17 1,990 19 (1.0) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
France (FR) 24 3,376 1,117 (33.1) Jan 2001–Dec 2002
Germany (DE) 25 3,757 600 (13.8) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
Greece (GR) 19 1,126 500 (44.4) Jan 1999–Dec 2001; 
Jul 2002–Dec 2002
Hungary (HU) 12 435 31 (7.1) Jan 2001–Dec 2002
Iceland (IS) 1 184 1 (0.5) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
Ireland (IE) 19 2,897 1,192 (41.2) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
Israel (IL) 5 849 326 (38.4) Jan 2001–Dec 2002
Italy (IT) 57 3,593 1,470 (40.9) Jan 1999–Jun 2000; 
Apr 2001–Dec 2002
Luxemburg (LU) 4 214 41 (19.2) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
Malta (MT) 1 240 105 (43.8) Jan 2000–Dec 2002
Netherlands (NL) 45 5,359 30 (0.6) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
Poland (PL) 8 238 42 (17.7) Jan 2001–Dec 2002
Portugal (PT) 15 1,540 535 (34.7) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
Slovakia (SK) 7 228 24 (10.5) Jul 2001–Dec 2002
Slovenia (SI) 8 657 121 (18.4) Jul 2000–Dec 2002
Spain (ES) 35 2,985 739 (24.8) Jan 2000–Dec 2002
Sweden (SE) 54 6,071 48 (0.8) Jan 1999–Dec 2002
United Kingdom (UK) 27 5,343 2,217 (41.5) Jan 1999–Sept 2002
Total 500 50,759 10,256 (20.2)

aEARSS, European Antibiotic Resistance Surveillance System; MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
bOnly hospitals providing data of >20 isolates are included.
cAccording to EARSS hospital codes provided by the countries.

Main Article

1European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System national representatives, 2002: Austria: H. Mittermayer, W. Koller; Belgium: H. Goossens, E. Hendrickx; Bulgaria: B. Markova; Croatia: S. Kalenic, A. Tambic-Andrasavic; Czech Republic: P. Urbaskova; Denmark: D. Monnet; Estonia: P. Naaber; Finland: O. Lyytikäinen, A. Nissinen; France: H. Aubry-Damon, P. Courvalin; Germany: U. Buchholz, W. Witte; Greece: N. Legakis, G. Vatopoulos; Hungary: M. Füzi; Ireland: D. O’Flanagan, O. Murphy; Iceland: K. Kristinsson; Israel: R. Raz; Italy: G. Cornaglia, P. D’Ancona; Luxembourg: R. Hemmer; Malta: M. Borg; Netherlands: A. de Neeling, E. Tiemersma; Norway: A. Hoiby, E. Bjørløw; Poland: W. Hryniewicz; Portugal: M. Caniça; Romania: I. Codita; Slovenia: M. Gubina, J. Kolman; Slovakia: L. Langsadl; Spain: F. Baquero, J. Campos; Sweden: B. Liljequist; United Kingdom: A. Johnson, M. Whale.

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