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Volume 10, Number 9—September 2004

Research

Outbreak of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, Los Santos, Panama, 1999–2000

Vicente Bayard*†, Paul T. Kitsutani‡Comments to Author , Eduardo O. Barria*, Luis A. Ruedas§, David S. Tinnin¶, Carlos Muñoz#, Itza B. de Mosca#, Gladys Guerrero**, Rudick Kant††, Arsenio Garcia*, Lorenzo Caceres*, Fernando G. Gracia*, Evelia Quiroz*, Zoila de Castillo*, Blas Armien*, Marlo Libel††, James N. Mills‡, Ali S. Khan‡, Stuart T. Nichol‡, Pierre E. Rollin‡, Thomas G. Ksiazek‡, and Clarence J. Peters
Author affiliations: *Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies, Panama City, Panama; †University of Panama, Panama City, Panama; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; ¶University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; #Ministry of Health, Panama City, Panama; **Complejo Hospital A.A.M., Panama City, Panama; ††Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC, USA

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Table 4

Hantavirus IgG antibody-positive findings of survey participants and households by neighborhood, town, and district of confirmed HPS patients, Los Santos Provincea

Neighborhood 
(case no.) Town District No. of persons tested No. (%) persons antibody positive No. of households tested No. (%) households antibody positive
2 Los Angeles Las Tablas 45 4 (8.9) 18 4 (22.2)
4 San Jose Las Tablas 34 5 (14.7) 11 3 (27.3)
7 Bella Vista Guarare 50 3 (6.0) 24 2 (8.3)
8 San Jose Las Tablas 48 15 (31.3) 15 11 (73.3)
9 Santo Domingo Las Tablas 43 6 (14.0) 15 4 (26.7)
11 Las Tablas Las Tablas 41 4 (9.8) 15 4 (26.7)
12 El Cocal Las Tablas 50 3 (6.0) 21 3 (14.3)
Total 311 40 (12.9) 119 31 (26.1)

aIgG, immunoglobulin G; HPS, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

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