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Volume 11, Number 2—February 2005


Isolation of Waddlia malaysiensis, A Novel Intracellular Bacterium, from Fruit Bat (Eonycteris spelaea)

Paul K.B. Chua*†, John E. Corkill*, Poh Sim. Hooi‡, Soo Choon Cheng‡, Craig Winstanley*, and C. Anthony Hart*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; †National Public Health Laboratory, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; ‡University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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Table 2

Current status of the Chlamydiales

Family Genus and species Biovars Host/animal disease*
I. Chlamydiacae Chlamydia trachomatis Serovars A–K Humans: trachoma, STI
Serovars L1–L3 Humans: STI
C. muridarum Mice: proliferative ileitis
C. suis Swine: conjunctivitis: pneumonia
Chlamydophila psittaci Serovars A–H Birds, cattle: pneumonia†
C. pneumoniae 3 biovars Humans, koala, equines: 
pneumonia, conjunctivitis
C. pecorum Wide host range and disease manifestation
C. felis ? 2 biovars Cats: rhinitis†
C. caviae Guinea pigs: conjunctivitis
C. abortus Sheep, cattle, goats: abortion†
II. Parachlamydiacieae Parachlamydia acanthamoebae Amoebae: RTI
Neochlamydia hartmannellae Amoebae
Numerous others including UWE25
III. Waddliaceae Waddlia chondrophila Cattle, potoroos: abortion
IV. Simkaniae Simkania negevensis Amoebae, humans: RTI
“Candidatus Fritschea bemesiae” Whitefly
“Candidatus F. eriococci” Whitefly
V. Clamydia-like organisms “Candidatus Rhabdochlamydia porcellionis”

*STI, sexually transmitted infection; RTI, respiratory tract infection; –perhaps (i.e., disputed); ?, may be 2 biovars but not confirmed.
†Indicates zoonotic potential.

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