Volume 11, Number 4—April 2005
Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia, Australia
|Principal referral public hospitals||Large public hospitals||Medium public hospitals||Small acute-care public hospitals†||Other public hospitals‡||Total acute-care public hospitals§||Total private||Total Australia-wide (based on tally of public and private hospitals)|
|Published data for Australia 2001–2002 (13)|
|Number of hospitals||66||40||103||134||381||724||537¶||1,306|
|No. of beds||27,258||5,760||6,386||3,216||6,384||49,004||27,407||75,516|
|Total admissions (x1,000)||2,585||561||486||153||165||3,950||2,426||6,376|
|Same day separations (x1,000)||–||–||–||–||–||1,886||1,453||–|
|Average length of stay||3.8||3.6||3.4||–||–||4.1||2.9||3.5|
|S. aureus BSI episodes (calculated rates from data in this study)|
|S. aureus BSI rate/1,000 admissions||0.81–2.29||0.68–3.24||0.93||0.6||0.6||0.68–3.24||0.6||0.6–3.24|
|Median rate/1,000 admissions||1.59||1.27||0.93||0.6||0.6||1.37||0.6||NA|
|Estimated episodes/y (based on median)||5,412||1,456||6,867|
|Median rate/1,000 admissions||0.51||0.41||0.13||0.13||0||0.47||0.44||NA|
|Estimated episodes/y (based on median)||1,318||230||63||137||21||1,769||1, 067||2 836|
|Median rate/1,000 admissions||0.31||0.12||0||0||0||0.25||0.05||NA|
|Estimated episodes/y (based on median)||801||67||0||0||0||868||121||1.015|
*BSIs, bloodstream infections; MSSA, methicillin-susceptible S. aureus; MRSA, methicillin-resistant S. aureus; NA, not applicable.
†No data from this study on smaller public hospitals. Therefore the assumed rate of sepsis is for lowest in other groups (i.e., private hospitals).
‡These public hospitals were those without case mix-adjusted admissions data and also non-acute small hospitals. The assumed rate of sepsis is for lowest in other groups (i.e., private hospitals).
§Acute care public hospitals exclude psychiatric hospitals.
¶Of private hospitals, 246 were day only; 314 others had admissions for >24 h.
1Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance contributors to this study were the following: Thomas Gottlieb, Concord Hospital; David McGechie, Denise Daley, Fremantle Hospital; John Ferguson, John Hunter Hospital; James Branley, Nepean Hospital; Graeme R. Nimmo, Princes Alexandria Hospital; Gary Lum, Royal Darwin Hospital; Alistair McGregor, Royal Hobart Hospital; Clarence Fernandes, Royal North Shore Hospital; Iain Gosbell, Archie Darbar, South West Area Health Service, New South Wales; Peter Collignon, Jan Roberts, Canberra Hospital.