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Volume 12, Number 2—February 2006


Evaluation of a Direct, Rapid Immunohistochemical Test for Rabies Diagnosis

Tiziana Lembo*, Michael Niezgoda†, Andrés Velasco-Villa†, Sarah Cleaveland*, Eblate Ernest‡, and Charles E. Rupprecht†
Author affiliations: *University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom; †Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania

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Table 2

Number of Tanzanian brain samples processed by dRIT and DFA for different animal species*

Species No. brains examined†
Domestic dog 73 (39)
Domestic cat 7 (3)
Cow 8 (7)
Goat 6 (5)
Livestock‡ 1 (1)
Aardwolf (Proteles cristatus) 1
African civet (Civettictis civetta) 2
Banded mongoose (Mungos mungo) 2
Slender mongoose (Herpestes sanguineus) 3
Dwarf mongoose (Helogale parvula) 2
White-tailed mongoose (Ichneumia albicauda) 8 (1)
Mongoose‡ 2
Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas) 3
Bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis) 8
Black-backed jackal/bat-eared fox‡ 2 (1)
Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) 3
Small-spotted genet (Genetta genetta) 7 (1)
Lion (Panthera leo) 6
Serval (Felis serval) 1
Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) 12 (1)
Striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) 1
Zorilla (Ictonyx striatus) 1
Total domestic 95 (55)
Total wildlife 64 (4)
Total 159 (59)

*dRIT, direct immunohistochemical test; DFA, direct fluorescent-antibody assay.
†The number of rabies-positive samples is shown in brackets.
‡Species not definitively identified.

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