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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007

Research

SurvNet Electronic Surveillance System for Infectious Disease Outbreaks, Germany

Gérard Krause*Comments to Author , Doris Altmann*, Daniel Faensen*, Klaudia Porten*1, Justus Benzler*, Thomas Pfoch, Andrea Ammon*2, Michael H. Kramer‡, and Hermann Claus*
Author affiliations: *Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany; †Picoware GmbH, Berlin, Germany; ‡Ministry of Health, Berlin, Germany;

Main Article

Table 5

Locations of outbreaks by pathogen, 2004 and 2005, Germany*

Location     No. (%)
Norovirus 
(n = 3,141) Salmonella spp. (n = 2,703) Rotavirus 
(n = 1,985) Campylobacter spp. (n = 1,005) Hepatitis A 
(n = 139) Others 
(n = 973) All 
(n = 9,946)
Household 395 (13) 1,993 (73) 1,338 (67) 758 (75) 102 (72) 676 (69) 5,262 (53)
Nursing home 1,040 (33) 24 (1) 136 (7) 5 (0) 0 (0) 13 (1) 1,218 (12)
Kindergarten 368 (12) 61 (2) 290 (15) 7 (1) 9 (6) 48 (5) 783 (8)
Hospital, laboratory 1,035 (33) 20 (1) 175 (9) 5 (0) 1 (1) 12 (1) 1,248 (12)
Hotel, cruise ship 58 (2) 169 (6) 16 (1) 120 (12) 12 (8) 93 (9) 468 (5)
Restaurant 72 (2) 258 (9) 1 (0) 48 (5) 3 (2) 10 (1) 392 (4)
Other location 34 (1) 80 (3) 28 (1) 36 (4) 7 (5) 61 (6) 246 (2)
School, university 34 (1) 18 (1) 0 7 (1) 8 (6) 20 (2) 87 (1)
Special event, festival, etc. 24 (1) 55 (2) 4 (0) 9 (1) 0 6 (1) 98 (1)
Work place 37 (1) 21 (1) 0 10 (1) 0 17 (2) 85 (1)
Dormitory, military casern 56 (2) 9 (0) 9 (0) 1 (0) 0 11 (1) 86 (1)
Bus/ train, etc. 2 (0) 5 (0) 0 4 (0) 0 2 (0) 13 (0)
Prison 2 (0) 4 (0) 3 (0) 0 0 3 (0) 12 (0)
Refugee camp 0 2 (0) 0 0 0 8 (1) 10 (0)
Total number of listed items 3,157 (100) 2,719 (100) 2,000 (100) 1,010 (100) 142 (100) 980 (100) 10,008 (100)

*Outbreaks may be reported in >1 location.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Epicentre, Geneva, Switzerland

2Current affiliation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden

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