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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
THEME ISSUE
Global Poverty and Human Development

Research

Plague Reappearance in Algeria after 50 Years, 2003

Eric Bertherat*Comments to Author , Souad Bekhoucha†, Saada Chougrani‡, Fathia Razik†, Jean B. Duchemin§, Leila Houti‡, Larbi Deharib‡, Corinne Fayolle¶, Banaouda Makrerougrass‡, Radia Dali-Yahia†, Ramdan Bellal†, Leila Belhabri, Amina Chaieb*, Evgueni Tikhomirov*, and Elisabeth Carniel¶
Author affiliations: *World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; †University Hospital, Oran, Algeria; ‡University of Medicine, Oran, Algeria; §Centre d'Etude et de Recherche pour les Meningocoques et les Schistosomiases, Niamey, Niger; ¶Institut Pasteur, Paris, France; and #Institut Pasteur, Oran, Algeria;

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Table

Plague case definition adopted by technical crisis committee, 2003 plague outbreak, Oran region, Algeria*

Case definition Criteria
Suspected Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics compatible with plague; or, observation of suspect microorganisms on direct examination of clinical samples
Probable Suspected case with anti-F1 antibodies in patient’s blood; or, suspected case with a positive RDT without isolation of Yersinia pestis or in the absence of other cases reported in a radius of 10 km around the case
Confirmed Culture positive for Y. pestis; or, RDT positive and Y. pestis isolated from patients living in a radius of 10 km around the case

*RDT, rapid diagnostic test.

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