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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
THEME ISSUE
Global Poverty and Human Development

Dispatch

West Nile Virus Infection among the Homeless, Houston, Texas1

Tamra E. Meyer*, Lara M. Bull*, Kelly Cain Holmes*, Rhia F. Pascua*, Amelia Travassos da Rosa†, Christian R. Gutierrez*, Tracie Corbin*, Jennifer L. Woodward*, Jeffrey P. Taylor‡, Robert B. Tesh†, and Kristy O. Murray*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA; †University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA; ‡Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, USA;

Main Article

Table 1

Participant demographics and WNV prevalence from the 2004 Houston Homeless Seroprevalence Study*

Demographic characteristics All participants, 
n = 397 (%) WNV prevalence
Risk for WNV infection,
OR (95% CI)
No. (%) 95% CI
Sex
Female 110 (28) 3 (2.7) 0.6–7.8 Reference
Male 287 (72) 24 (8.4) 5.4–12.2 3.3 (0.96–11.0)
Age, y
18–34 97 (24) 2 (2.1) 0.3–7.3 Reference
35–49 204 (51) 17 (8.3) 4.9–13.0 4.3 (0.98–19.1)
>50 95 (24) 8 (8.4) 3.7–15.9 4.4 (0.9–21.1)
Unknown
1 (0.3)

0



Race
White 120 (30) 8 (6.7) 2.9–12.7 Reference
Black 233 (59) 18 (7.7) 4.6–11.9 1.2 (0.5–2.8)
Other/unknown 44 (11) 1 (2.3) 0.06–12.0 0.3 (0.04–2.7)
Ethnicity
Hispanic 52 (13) 2 (3.9) 0.5–13.2 Reference
Non-Hispanic 343 (86) 24 (7.0) 4.5–10.2 1.9 (0.4–8.2)
No response 2 (0.5) 1 (50.0) 1.3–98.7

*WNV, West Nile virus; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

Main Article

1This research was presented in part at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, on March 21, 2006.

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