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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
THEME ISSUE
Global Poverty and Human Development

Dispatch

Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum Infection in Rainy Season, Artibonite Valley, Haiti, 2006

Thomas P. Eisele*Comments to Author , Joseph Keating*, Adam Bennett*, Berlin Londono*, Dawn Johnson†, Christina Lafontant†, and Donald J. Krogstad*
Author affiliations: *Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; †Hôpital Albert Schweitzer, Deschapelles, Haiti;

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Table

Malaria parasite prevalence by demographic characteristics, Artibonite Valley, Haiti, 2006

Characteristic No. malaria infections identified* No. respondents tested Parasite prevalence, %†
Age, y
<5 2 91 2.2
5–9 5 100 4.8
10–19 2 186 1.5
20–29 6 95 4.7
30–39 2 59 3.8
40–49 3 69 4.0
50–59 1 42 5.1
>60 1 50 1.6
Unknown 1 22 3.5
Sex
Male 15 329 3.9
Female 8 385 2.3
Temperature
Febrile (>37.5°C)‡ 9 61 14.2
Nonfebrile 14 647 2.1
Total 23 714 3.1§

*Plasmodium falciparum infections only. Results based on PCR, which includes all microscopy-confirmed infections.
†Prevalence point estimates are weighted.
‡Sample size for febrile versus nonfebrile; 6 missing data records.
§95% confidence interval 0.6–5.7.

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