Novel Human Herpesvirus 8 Subtype D Strains in Vanuatu, Melanesia
Olivier Cassar*†, Philippe V. Afonso†, Sylviane Bassot†, Sabine Plancoulaine†‡, Renan Duprez†, Corinne Capuano§, Myriam Abel¶, Paul M.V. Martin*, and Antoine Gessain†
Author affiliations: *Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouméa, France; †Institut Pasteur, Paris, France; ‡Université René-Descartes, Paris, France; §World Health Organization/Organisation Mondiale de la Santé, Port-Vila, Republic of Vanuatu; ¶Ministry of Health, Port-Vila, Republic of Vanuatu;
Figure 1. A) Age-dependent herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) seroprevalence rates in 376 Ni-Vanuatu persons >65 years and living in 18 islands representative of the 6 provinces of the Vanuatu Archipelago. Seropositivity was based on strict criteria, and only samples clearly reactive at a dilution >1:160 were considered HHV-8 positive. B) Age-dependent HHV-8 seroprevalence rate in 283 Ni-Vanuatu persons from 13 families originating from 4 islands (3 from Loh, 2 from Tanna, 4 from Ambae, and 4 from Esperitu Santo) of the Vanuatu archipelago. C) Pedigrees of 2 families from Loh Island in which the presence of HHV-8 was examined in members of 3 generations. Gray circles and squares denote infected women and men, respectively. Black circles denote infected women for whom sequence of K1 gene fragment was obtained. Numbers within circles and squares indicate ages of the patients; NT, not tested.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.