Novel Human Herpesvirus 8 Subtype D Strains in Vanuatu, Melanesia
Olivier Cassar*†, Philippe V. Afonso†, Sylviane Bassot†, Sabine Plancoulaine†‡, Renan Duprez†, Corinne Capuano§, Myriam Abel¶, Paul M.V. Martin*, and Antoine Gessain†
Author affiliations: *Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouméa, France; †Institut Pasteur, Paris, France; ‡Université René-Descartes, Paris, France; §World Health Organization/Organisation Mondiale de la Santé, Port-Vila, Republic of Vanuatu; ¶Ministry of Health, Port-Vila, Republic of Vanuatu;
Appendix Figure. Map of Vanuatu Archipelago showing the distribution of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) seroprevalence in persons >65 years of age and living in different provinces. The 6 administrative divisions studied were the Torba Province, comprising mainly Torres and Banks Islands; the Sanma Province, comprising Esperitu Santo and Malo Islands; the Penama Province, comprising Pentecost, Ambae, and Maewo Islands; the Malampa Province, comprising Malekula, Ambrym, and Paama Islands; the Shefa Province, comprising mainly Shepherds and Efate Islands; and the Tafea Province, comprising Tanna, Erromango, and Aneityum Islands. For each area, the number of persons tested and the number and percentage (in parentheses) of HHV-8-seropositive samples (immunofluorescence assay for latent nuclear antigens) are indicated. The mean age and the gender of the studied population are also shown. To have a good specificity, we considered as HHV-8 positive only samples that were clearly reactive at a dilution >1:160.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.