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Volume 13, Number 2—February 2007

Dispatch

Avian Influenza Risk Perception, Europe and Asia

Onno de Zwart*Comments to Author , Irene K. Veldhuijzen*, Gillian Elam†, Arja R. Aro‡, Thomas Abraham§, George D. Bishop¶, Jan Hendrik Richardus#, and Johannes Brug#
Author affiliations: *Municipal Public Health Service, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; †Health Protection Agency—Centre for Infections, London, United Kingdom; ‡University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark; §University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China; ¶National University of Singapore, Singapore; #Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands;

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Table 2

Perceived risk perception and efficacy beliefs with regard to a potential influenza outbreak, September 20–November 22, 2005*


Mean score scale 1–10 (95% CI)
Country or regionSeriousness,VulnerabilityRisk perception†Response efficacySelf-efficacy
DNK6.08 (5.83–6.33)2.82 (2.71–2.92)2.73 (2.65–2.81)2.32 (2.23–2.41)2.15 (2.06–2.24)
POL7.49 (7.29–7.70)3.43 (3.31–3.54)3.48 (3.39–3.57)2.55 (2.46–2.64)2.06 (1.96–2.16)
NLD7.67 (7.48–7.87)3.17 (3.07–3.27)3.40 (3.32–3.48)2.25 (2.14–2.35)1.74 (1.66–1.83)
UK7.38 (7.16–7.61)2.93 (2.81–3.05)3.17 (3.07–3.26)2.41 (2.32–2.51)2.03 (1.93–2.12)
ESP6.76 (6.53–6.99)3.43 (3.32–3.53)3.29 (3.20–3.37)2.75 (2.65–2.85)2.26 (2.15–2.36)
CHN6.58 (6.33–6.82)2.88 (2.76–2.99)2.94 (2.85–3.04)2.99 (2.92–3.06)2.90 (2.82–2.99)
HKG7.02 (6.81–7.23)3.33 (3.23–3.42)3.33 (3.25–3.40)2.95 (2.87–3.03)2.64 (2.55–2.73)
SGP
6.63 (6.35–6.91)
2.70 (2.57–2.83)
2.82 (2.71–2.93)
2.81 (2.71–2.91)
2.70 (2.61–2.80)
Europe‡7.06 (6.96–7.16)3.16 (3.11–3.21)3.21 (3.17–3.25)2.46 (2.41–2.50)2.05 (2.01–2.10)
Asia
6.74 (6.60–6.88)
2.97 (2.90–3.03)
3.03 (2.97–3.08)
2.92 (2.87–2.96)
2.75 (2.69–2.80)
Total6.95 (6.86–7.03)3.09 (3.05–3.13)3.14 (3.11–3.17)2.63 (2.59–2.66)2.31 (2.27–2.34)

*CI, confidence interval; DNK, Denmark; POL, Poland; NLD, the Netherlands; UK, United Kingdom; ESP, Spain; CHN, China; HKG, Hong Kong; SGP, Singapore.
†Square root of the multiplication of seriousness divided by 2 and vulnerability.
‡Differences in mean scores between Europe and Asia are significant for all measures (p<0.001).

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