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Volume 13, Number 2—February 2007

Research

Campylobacter Antimicrobial Drug Resistance among Humans, Broiler Chickens, and Pigs, France

Anne Gallay*Comments to Author , Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon†, Isabelle Kempf‡, Philippe Lehours†, Leila Labadi†, Christine Camou†, Martine Denis‡, Henriette de Valk*, Jean-Claude Desenclos*, and Francis Mégraud†
Author affiliations: *Institut de veille sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France; †Centre National de Référence des Campylobacter and Helicobacter, Bordeaux, France; ‡Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments (AFSSA), Ploufragan, France;

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Table

Resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and C.coli to ampicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline/doxycycline, and ciprofloxacin/enrofloxacin in humans, broilers, and pigs; France, 1999–2004

 Antimicrobial agent/yearCampylobacter jejuni
C. coli
Humans, no. (%)Broilers, no. (%)Humans, no. (%)Broilers, no. (%)Pigs, no. (%)
Ampicillin





1999123 (42.3)297 (22.6)20 (70.0)96 (29.2)*
2000189 (40.2)67 (31.3)35 (37.1)35 (31.4)317 (12.3)
2001137 (47.4)61 (13.1)26 (53.8)44 (25.0)291 (11.0)
2002184 (45.6)41 (29.3)43 (48.8)64 (28.1)101 (14.9)
2003479 (46.1)46 (34.8)68 (28.1)60 (30.0)101 (17.8)
2004438 (38.1)32 (28.1)88 (14.9)74 (24.3)67 (7.5)
Erythromycin
1999123 (0.8)297 (0.3)20 (10.0)96 (31.3)*
2000187 (3.2)67 (3.0)35 (8.6)36 (11.1)317 (65.3)
2001136 (3.7)61 (4.9)26 (7.7)44 (4.5)289 (49.1)
2002184 (2.7)40 (5.0)44 (9.0)64 (17.2)101 (58.4)
2003478 (0.6)46 (4.3)68 (7.3)61 (31.1)97 (78.4)
2004437 (1.4)32 (0.0)88 (12.5)74 (17.6)67 (43.3)
Tetracycline/ doxycycline
1999118 (23.7)297 (56.6)6 (25.0)96 (69.8)*
2000188 (12.8)67 (55.2)35 (14.3)35 (60.0)317 (82.6)
2001137 (9.5)61 (65.6)26 (26.9)45 (80.0)289 (88.9)
2002184 (22.8)41 (67.5)43 (41.8)64 (84.4)101 (86.1)
2003479 (26.7)46 (60.9)68 (63.2)61 (96.7)97 (95.9)
2004438 (28.8)32 (40.6)88 (53.4)74 (71.6)67 (61.2)
Ciprofloxacin/ enrofloxacin
1999297 (16.8)96 (39.6)*
2000185 (23.8)68 (23.5)35 (31.4)35 (28.6)316 (12.3)
2001137 (21.9)61 (29.5)26 (34.6)45 (37.8)292 (12.3)
2002184 (31.7)41 (31.7)44 (43.2)63 (41.3)101 (21.8)
2003479 (25.9)45 (13.3)68 (38.2)61 (41.0)99 (24.2)
2004438 (25.3)32 (9.4)88 (42.0)74 (32.4)67 (26.9)

*Strains isolated from poultry in 1999 and 2000 were tested with enrofloxacin; strains isolated between 2001 and 2004 were tested with ciprofloxacin; all pig strains were tested with ciprofloxacin.

†Human strains were tested for ciprofloxacin since 2000.

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