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Volume 13, Number 3—March 2007

Dispatch

Environmental Burkholderia cepacia Complex Isolates from Human Infections

Adam Baldwin*, Eshwar Mahenthiralingam†, Pavel Drevinek†, Peter Vandamme‡, John R. Govan§, David J. Waine*, John J. LiPuma¶, Luigi Chiarini#, Claudia Dalmastri#, Deborah A. Henry**, David P. Speert**, David Honeybourne††, Martin C. J. Maiden‡‡, and Chris G. Dowson*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Warwick University, Coventry, Wales, United Kingdom; †Cardiff University, Cardiff, England, United Kingdom; ‡Universiteit Gent, Ghent, Belgium; §University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom; ¶University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; #Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie l’Energia e l’Ambiente Casaccia, Rome, Italy; **University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; ††Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom; ‡‡University of Oxford, Oxford, England, United Kingdom;

Main Article

Table

MLST analysis of the Burkholderia cepacia strains showing their species, source, and geographic location*

Bcc species
ST
Isolate name
Source
Country
Source of isolate:
Year of isolation
B. cepacia
1ATCC 17759†ENVTrinidadSoil1958
1
LMG 14087
NON
UK
Wound
1988
10ATCC 25416TENVUSAOnion1948
10
J1050
NON
USA
Human
Before 1983
266BC20ENVUSAWater
266
AU6671
NON
U.S.
Wound

365HI-3602ENVUSASoil
365C8509CFCanadaSputum1999

365
AU3206
CF
USA
Sputum

B. multivorans






21ATCC 17616†ENVUSASoilBefore 1966
21AU0453CFUSASputum
21
C9140
CF
Canada
Sputum
2000
375R-20526ENVBelgiumRiver water2002

375
IST455
CF
Portugal
Sputum
2000
B. cenocepacia IIIA






32POPR8ENVMexicoRadish
325–457CFCzech RepublicSputum2002
32R-16597CFBelgiumSputum2001

32
BCC1118
NON
UK
Wound
Before 1994
B. cenocepacia IIIB






37BC-1ENVUSAMaize rhizosphere
37
AU2362
CF
USA
Sputum
2000
122HI-2424ENVUSASoil
122AU1054CFUSACF

122
CEP0497
NON
Canada
Leg ulcer
1995
B. stabilis






50LMG 14294†CFBelgiumSputum1993
50R-16919ENVBelgiumIndustrial
50
LMG 14086†
ENVH
UK
Respirator
1970
51HI-2482ENVUSAShampoo
51ATCC 35254ENVHUSAMedical solution1980
51CEP0928ENVHUSAAlbuterol solution
51LMG 14291CFBelgiumSputum1993

51
LMG 7000
NON
Sweden
Blood
1983
B. vietnamiensis






61J1702ENVHUSAHospital equipment
61BCC0190CFUSASputum
61J1712NONUSAWound
61J1738NONUSAWound
61
J1742
NON
USA
Wound

67R-20590ENVBelgiumRiver water2002

67
D0774
CF
Canada
Sputum
2003
B. ambifaria






81MVP-C2-4ENVItalyMaize rhizosphere1996
81
BCC0250†
CF
Australia
Sputum
1994
77AMMDTENVUSASoil1985
77AU0212CFUSASputum

*MLST, multilocus sequence typing; Bcc, B. cepacia complex; ST, sequence type; ENV, isolated from the environment; NON, isolated from a non-cystic fibrosis (CF) patient; CF, isolated from a CF patient; IIIA or IIIB, isolates belonging to B. cenocepacia recA subgroup A or B, respectively; ENVH, isolated from a hospital environment.
†, panel strain (12); suprascript T, type strain for species.

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