Movements of Birds and Avian Influenza from Asia into Alaska
Kevin Winker* , Kevin G. McCracken*†, Daniel D. Gibson*, Christin L. Pruett*†, Rose Meier*, Falk Huettmann†, Michael Wege‡, Irina V. Kulikova§, Yuri N. Zhuravlev§, Michael L. Perdue¶, Erica Spackman#, David L. Suarez#, and David E. Swayne#
Author affiliations: *University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA; †Institute of Arctic Biology, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA; ‡Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge, Bethel, Alaska, USA; §Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia; ¶World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; #United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, USA;
Figure. Composite geographic information system map illustrating the overlap of New World and Old World migration systems among 64 species of waterfowl (family Anatidae) and shorebirds (families Charadriidae and Scolopacidae) in northern and western Alaska (darkness of shade indicates species richness). This overlap between Asiatic and American birds in these families occurs in a zone whose extent is equivalent to a geographic band running from Lake Superior to North Dakota then to Texas and California in the lower 48 US states (left inset).
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