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Volume 13, Number 5—May 2007


Trends for Influenza-related Deaths during Pandemic and Epidemic Seasons, Italy, 1969–2001

Caterina Rizzo*†Comments to Author , Antonino Bella*, Cécile Viboud‡, Lone Simonsen‡, Mark A. Miller‡, Maria Cristina Rota*, Stefania Salmaso*, and Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti*
Author affiliations: *Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy; †University of Bari, Bari, Italy; ‡National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA;

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Table 3

Multinational comparison of influenza A (H3N2) Hong Kong pandemic, based on all-cause excess deaths estimates*

DeathsItaly†England, Wales†France†Australia‡Japan†USA§Canada§
Overall no./100,000 population107777264492712
Increases over baseline, %
Persons <65 y,29232720N/A3424

*Data from this study and (8). Estimates are for the major pandemic seasons, for which timing varied by country. N/A, not applicable.
†Second season of virus circulation, 1969–70.
‡Second season of virus circulation, 1970.
§First season of virus circulation, 1968–69.

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