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Volume 13, Number 6—June 2007

Dispatch

Bartonella Species in Blood of Immunocompetent Persons with Animal and Arthropod Contact

Edward B. Breitschwerdt*Comments to Author , Ricardo G. Maggi*, Ashlee W. Duncan*, William L. Nicholson†, Barbara C. Hegarty*, and Christopher W. Woods‡
Author affiliations: *North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA,; †Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA;

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Table

Selected demographic, epidemiologic, and medical information reported by 14 immunocompetent persons infected with Bartonella henselae or B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii

Characteristic/symptom Study participant no.
Total, 
N = 14
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Sex F F F F F F M F F F F F M F
Age, y 51 30 48 44 53 50 32 33 48 53 52 39 52 44
State of residence NC NC NC CO VA CA NC VA CA CA CA CA VA MN
Occupational animal exposure V VtA AHR V V CR VtA VtA VtA VtA VtA V WB WB
Daily contact with dogs/cats Y/Y Y/N N/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y Y/Y N/Y Y/Y
Contact with fleas/ticks† 2/1 3/3 4/4 4/4 3/3 2/3 3/3 2/2 4/4 2/4 3/1 3/2 NA/3 4/3
Self-health assessment‡ CI CI II II II CI CI CI CI II II CI II CI
Fatigue + + + + + + + + + + + + + 13
Joint pain + + + + + + + + + + U 10
Difficulty sleeping (insomnia) + + + + + + + + + 9
Muscle pain + + U + + + U + + + 8
Difficulty remembering + + + + + + + + U 8
Loss of sensation or numbness + + + + + + + U 7
Balance problems + + + + + + + 7
Headache + + + + + + + U 7
Tremors + + + + + + 6
Irritability + + + + + + 6
Bowel or bladder dysfunction + + + + + + 6
Eye pain + + + + + 5
Blurred vision + + + + + 5
Sleepiness + + + + + 5
Syncope or fainting episodes + + + + + 5
Shortness of breath + + + + + U 5
Muscle weakness + + + + + U 5

*F, female; M, male; NC, North Carolina, CO, Colorado, VA, Virginia; CA, California, MN, Minnesota; V, veterinarian; VtA, veterinary assistant; AHR, animal health researcher; CR, cattle rancher; WB, wildlife biologist; Y, yes; N, no, with respect to the study participant’s daily contact with dogs/cats; CI, chronically ill; II, infrequently ill; +, yes; –, no; blank, no answer reported; U, unknown.
†Reported as frequencies and defined as follows: 1, daily; 2, infrequently (weekly); 3, occasionally (monthly); 4, almost never (yearly).
‡Self-health assessment: As part of the questionnaire, study participants were asked to rate their own health status: healthy, infrequently ill, or chronically ill.

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