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Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008
THEME ISSUE
International Polar Year

Research

Invasive Bacterial Diseases in Northern Canada

Naushaba Degani*, Christine Navarro†, Shelley L. Deeks†1Comments to Author , Marguerite Lovgren‡, and the Canadian International Circumpolar Surveillance Working Group
Author affiliations: *Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; ‡National Centre for Streptococcus, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada;

Main Article

Table 6

Primary clinical symptoms for patients infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, GAS, or GBS in the Canadian circumpolar region*

SymptomsS. pneumoniae (n = 251), no. (%)H. influenzae (n = 62), no. (%)GAS (n = 44),† no. (%)GBS (n = 17), no. (%)
Septicemia/bacteremia21.5 (54)33.9 (21)22.7 (10)47.1 (8)
Pneumonia64.5 (162)21.0 (13)13.6 (6)0
Meningitis6.0 (15)27.4 (17)011.8 (2)
Cellulitis0.8 (2)4.8 (3)31.8 (14)11.8 (2)
Empyema3.2 (8)3.23 (2)2.3 (1)0
Necrotizing fasciitis0011.4 (5)0
Septic arthritis0.8 (2)4.8 (3)9.1 (4)17.7 (3)
Other‡3.2 (8)4.8 (3)9.1 (4)11.8 (2)

*GAS, group A streptococci; GBS, group B streptococci.
†One patient had no information recorded for clinical symptoms.
‡Includes peritonitis, appendicitis, pericarditis, osteomyelitis, and endocarditis.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: National Centre for Immunisation, Research and Surveillance, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia

2The Canadian International Circumpolar Surveillance Working Group includes the following members: Colleen Hemsley, Bryce Larke (Yukon Health and Social Services, Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada); Cheryl Case, Norine Fraley (Northwest Territories Health and Social Services, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories); Carolina Palacios (Canada Nunavut Health and Social Services, Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada); Robert Carlin (Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay, Montreal, Québec, Canada, and Ministère de Santé et Services Sociaux, Québec City, Quebec, Canada); Jean-François Proulx (Canada Direction de Santé Publique du Nunavik, Kuujjuak, Québec, Canada, and Ministère de Santé et Services Sociaux, Québec City, Quebec, Canada); Jane McGillivray, Paulette Roberts (Health Labrador Corporation, Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador, Canada); Louise Jetté, Robert A. Laurence, Louise Ringuette (Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec Ste.-Anne-de-Bellevue, Québec, Canada); Marguerite Lovgren, Gregory Tyrrell (National Centre for Streptococcus, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada); Raymond Tsang (National Microbiology Laboratory, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada); Shelley L. Deeks, Christine Navarro, Nadine Abboud (Canada Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada); Michael G. Bruce, Tammy Zulz (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Anchorage, Alaska, USA).

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