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Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008
International Polar Year


Sindbis Virus Infection in Resident Birds, Migratory Birds, and Humans, Finland

Satu Kurkela*†Comments to Author , Osmo Rätti‡, Eili Huhtamo*, Nathalie Y. Uzcátegui*, J. Pekka Nuorti§, Juha Laakkonen*¶, Tytti Manni*, Pekka Helle#, Antti Vaheri*†, and Olli Vapalahti*†**
Author affiliations: *Haartman Institute at the University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; †Helsinki University Central Hospital Laboratory, Helsinki, Finland; ‡University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland; §National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland; ¶Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa, Finland; #Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Oulu, Finland; **Basic Veterinary Sciences at the University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland;

Main Article

Table 1

Resident birds and Sindbis virus, Finland, 2003 and 2004

Common nameTaxonomic name2003
Samples, no.Seropositive, %Samples, no.Seropositive, %
CapercaillieTetrao urogallus6731.3412.4
Black grouseTetrao tetrix14431.3841.2
Hazel grouseBonasa bonasia4922.4583.4
Willow grouse
Lagopus lagopus


Main Article

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