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Volume 14, Number 10—October 2008

Research

Pyogenic Liver Abscess as Endemic Disease, Taiwan

Feng-Chiao Tsai, Yu-Tsung Huang, Luan-Yin Chang, and Jin-Town WangComments to Author 
Author affiliations: National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, Taipei;

Main Article

Table 6

Klebsiella spp. liver abscess compared with other primary pyogenic liver abscess, NTUH, Taiwan, 1996–2004*

Item Klebsiella spp. Non-Klebsiella spp. p value†
Total no. 286 72
Male gender, no. (%) 191 (66.8) 45 (62.5) 0.490
Deaths, no. (%) 7 (2.4) 8 (11.1) 0.004
Abscess drainage, no. (%) 204 (71.3) 49 (68.1) 0.664
Biliary procedure, no. (%) 2 (0.7) 9 (12.5) <0.001
Mixed infection, no. (%) 13 (4.5) 19 (26.4) <0.001
Diabetes mellitus, no. (%) 100 (35.0) 13 (18.1) 0.007
Peptic ulcer, no. (%) 10 (3.5) 7 (9.7) 0.055
Urinary tract infectio, no. (%) 14 (4.9) 2 (2.8) 0.749
Renal disease, no. (%) 25 (8.7) 6 (8.3) 1.000
Hypertension, no. (%) 55 (19.2) 14 (19.4) 1.000
Heart disease, no. (%) 28 (9.8) 9 (12.5) 0.517
Cerebrovascular accident, no. (%) 7 (2.4) 3 (4.2) 0.427
Malignancy, no. (%) 15 (5.2) 15 (20.8) <0.001
Cirrhosis, no. (%) 5 (1.7) 2 (2.8) 0.632
Pneumonia, no. (%) 35 (12.2) 6 (8.3) 0.414
Viral hepatitis, no. (%) 4 (1.4) 1 (1.4) 1.000
Meningitis, no. (%) 3 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0.613
Endophthalmitis 9 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 0.214
Age, y, mean (SD) 57.39 (15.52) 55.25 (19.26) 0.384
No. hospitalizations, mean (SD) 26.12 (16.36) 43.06 (69.64) 0.044

*NTUH, National Taiwan University Hospital. The χ2 test and Student t test were used for statistical analyses.
†p<0.05 is considered statistically significant.

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