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Volume 14, Number 10—October 2008

Research

Norwalk Virus Shedding after Experimental Human Infection

Robert L. AtmarComments to Author , Antone R. Opekun, Mark A. Gilger, Mary K. Estes, Sue E. Crawford, Frederick H. Neill, and David Y. Graham
Author affiliations: Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA;

Main Article

Figure 1

Shedding of Norwalk virus in feces. The quantity of viral RNA measured by quantitative reverse transcription–PCR (qRT-PCR; black line) and of virus antigen measured by ELISA (optical density; blue line) is shown for 2 participants: no. 703, who did not have clinical gastroenteritis (panel A), and no. 721, who had clinical gastroenteritis (panel B). Vertical lines represent the period of clinical symptoms; N, nausea; V, vomiting. Panels C, D, and E show the virus titers as measured by qRT-PCR in fecal samples collected from participants who had no clinical gastroenteritis, had gastroenteritis with vomiting only, and had gastroenteritis with vomiting and diarrhea, respectively.

Figure 1. Shedding of Norwalk virus in feces. The quantity of viral RNA measured by quantitative reverse transcription–PCR (qRT-PCR; black line) and of virus antigen measured by ELISA (optical density; blue line) is shown for 2 participants: no. 703, who did not have clinical gastroenteritis (panel A), and no. 721, who had clinical gastroenteritis (panel B). Vertical lines represent the period of clinical symptoms; N, nausea; V, vomiting. Panels C, D, and E show the virus titers as measured by qRT-PCR in fecal samples collected from participants who had no clinical gastroenteritis, had gastroenteritis with vomiting only, and had gastroenteritis with vomiting and diarrhea, respectively.

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