Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 14, Number 10—October 2008

Research

Deaths from Norovirus among the Elderly, England and Wales

John P. HarrisComments to Author , W. John Edmunds, Richard Pebody, David W. Brown, and Ben A. Lopman
Author affiliations: Health Protection Agency, London, UK;

Main Article

Table 2

Regression model results for deaths from infectious and noninfectious gastrointestinal disease in persons >65 years of age, England and Wales, 2001–2006

Pathogen Initial full model
Final model
Coefficient* p value† Coefficient* p value†
Infectious intestinal disease models
Norovirus 0.0134 0.003 0.0174 <0.001
Astrovirus –0.059 0.415
Shigella spp. 0.103 0.528
Rotavirus –0.055 0.003
Campylobacter spp. –0.017 0.001
Escherichia coli 0.067 0.612
Cryptosporidium spp. –0.151 0.122
Giardia spp. –0.165 0.209
Other parasites –0.012 0.890
Salmonella spp. –0.011 0.478
Adenovirus –0.341 0.266
Time trend 1.437 <0.001 1.611 <0.001
Constant
23.11
<0.001

6.239
<0.001
Noninfectious intestinal disease models
Norovirus 0.0134 0.011 0.0173 <0.001
Astrovirus 0.115 0.198
Shigella spp. 0.240 0.221
Rotavirus –0.066 0.004
Campylobacter spp. 0.001 0.903
E. coli –0.088 0.566
Cryptosporidium spp. –0.125 0.315
Giardia spp. –0.030 0.860
Other parasites –0.081 0.439
Salmonella spp. –0.039 0.050
Adenovirus 0.0147 0.967
Time trend 2.008 <0.001 2.488 <0.001
Constant 20.240 <0.001 11.135 <0.001

*The coefficient represents the number of deaths associated with each laboratory report for each pathogen. The constant (intercept term) indicates monthly deaths associated with other causes.
†Wald test.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO