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Volume 14, Number 10—October 2008

Dispatch

Decreased Tuberculosis Incidence and Declining Clustered Case Rates, Madrid

Jesús Iñigo, Araceli Arce, Elia Palenque, Darío García de Viedma, and Fernando ChavesComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Consejería de Sanidad Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain (J. Iñigo, A. Arce); Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid (E. Palenque, F. Chaves); Hospital Gregorio Marañón, Madrid (D. Garcia de Viedma); Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Madrid (D. Garcia de Viedma);

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Table 1

Characteristics of tuberculosis patients during 2 periods in 3 urban districts of Madrid, Spain

Characteristic Years
p value
1997–1999, no. (%), n = 412 2002–2004, no. (%), n = 377
Gender
Male 281(68.2) 244 (64.7)
Female
131 (31.8)
133 (35.3)
0.33
Age group, y*
<35 178 (43.2) 159 (42.2)
35–64 151 (36.7) 133 (35.3)
>65
78 (18.9)
84 (22.3)
0.55
Foreign-born
Yes 22 (5.3) 128 (34.0)
No
390 (94.7)
249 (66.0)
<0.001
HIV status
Positive 106 (25.7) 46 (12.2) <0.001
Negative or unknown
306 (74.3)
331 (87.8)

Injection drug use
Yes 81(19.7) 33 (8.8) <0.001
No or unknown
331 (80.3)
344 (91.2)

Localization of tuberculosis
Pulmonary 292 (70.9) 275 (72.9) 0.57
Extrapulmonary or unknown 120 (29.1) 102 (27.1)

*Age unknown for 5 patients in 1997–1999 and 1 patient in 2002–2004.

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