Multiple Sublineages of Influenza A Virus (H5N1), Vietnam, 2005−2007
Tien Dung Nguyen* , Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna†, Robert G. Webster‡, Yi Guan†, J.S. Malik Peiris†§, Gavin J.D. Smith†, and The Vinh Nguyen
Author affiliations: *National Institute of Veterinary Research, Hanoi, Vietnam; †University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China; ‡St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA; §The HKU-Pasteur Research Centre, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China;
Figure 1. A) Map of Vietnam showing the location of influenza A virus (H5N1) isolation from 2006 to 2007. B) Phylogenetic relationship of the hemagglutinin (HA) gene of influenza A viruses isolated in Vietnam during 2005–2007. Numbers above and below branches indicate neighbor-joining and Bayesian posterior probabilities, respectively. Analyses were based on nt 1–963 of the HA gene. The HA tree was rooted to swan/Hokkaido/51/96. Numbers to the right of the figure refer to World Health Organization influenza (H5N1) clade designations (Table). Virus names described in this study are shown in colored text; previously described Vietnam isolates are shown in bold italic text. *Denotes viruses with the Ser-123-Pro substitution in the HA. #Denotes a clade 2.3.4 and clade 1 reassortant virus. Scale bar, 0.01 substitutions per site. BHG, bar-headed goose; Ck, chicken; Dk, duck; FJ, Fujian; Gs, goose; GX, Guangxi; GY, Guiyang; HK, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China; HN, Hunan; JX, Jiangxi; IDN, Indonesia; KHM, Cambodia; MusDk, muscovy duck; MYS, Malaysia; NGA, Nigeria; Qa, Quail; ST, Shantou; THA, Thailand; VNM, Vietnam; WDk, wild duck; YN, Yunnan.
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