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Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008

Letter

Coxiella burnetii in Wild-caught Filth Flies

Mark P. Nelder*, John E. Lloyd†, Amanda D. Loftis‡1, and Will K. Reeves§Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA; †University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §US Department of Agriculture, Laramie;

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Table

Flies from the United States and Dominica assayed for Coxiella burnetii, 2004–2007

Species Collection site and collector Date of collection No. positive for C. burnetii/no. collected
Calliphora vicina (Robineau-Desvoidy) Elephant dung, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2006 Apr 18 0/1
Lucilia coeruleiviridis (Marquart) Trapped on carrion near Pickens, SC, USA, by K.D. Cobb and W.K. Reeves 2004 Jul 3 1/12
L. coeruleiviridis (Marquart) Elephant dung, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2006 Jul 18 0/13
L. coeruleiviridis (Marquart) Elephant dung, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2005 Aug 17 0/3
L. sericata (Meigen) Garbage bin, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2005 Aug 17 3/18
Melophagus ovinus (Linnaeus) Sheep, Bozeman, Gallatin County, MT, USA, by J.E. Lloyd 2007 Jun 27 0/154
Musca domestica (Linnaeus) Cow, Springfield Estate, St. Paul Parish, Dominica, by W.K. Reeves 2005 May 18 0/6
M. domestica Goat pens, petting exibit, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by W.K. Reeves and M.P. Nelder 2005 Aug 1 0/5
M. domestica Colobus spp. monkey dung; Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2005 Oct 19 0/6
Ravinia stimulans Lion dung, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2005 Oct 16 0/10
Ravinia new sp. Lion dung, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2005 Oct 17 0/11
Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus) Goat pens, petting exibit, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by W.K. Reeves and M.P. Nelder 2005 Aug 1 0/20
S. calcitrans Fly trap, Greenville Zoo, Greenville County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2006 Apr 28 0/20
S. calcitrans Cow, Riverbanks Zoo, Richland County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2006 Apr 5 0/17
S. calcitrans Cow, goats, horses, and llama, Riverbanks Zoo, Richland County, SC, USA, by M.P. Nelder 2006 Apr 6 0/12
S. calcitrans Cattle and elk hay barn, Sybille Canyon, Albany County, WY, USA, by W. Yarnell 2007 July 14–Aug 3 1/55

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1Current affiliation: Private practice, Laramie, Wyoming, USA

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