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Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008


Global Distribution of Novel Rhinovirus Genotype

Thomas Briese*Comments to Author , Neil Renwick*, Marietjie Venter†, Richard G. Jarman‡, Dhrubaa Ghosh§, Sophie Köndgen¶, Sanjaya K. Shrestha#, A. Mette Hoegh**, Inmaculada Casas††, Edgard Valerie Adjogoua‡‡, Chantal Akoua-Koffi‡‡, Khin Saw Myint‡, David T. Williams§§, Glenys Chidlow¶¶, Ria van den Berg†, Cristina Calvo##, Orienka Koch†, Gustavo Palacios*, Vishal Kapoor*, Joseph Villari*, Samuel R. Dominguez***, Kathryn V. Holmes***, Gerry Harnett¶¶, David Smith¶¶, John S. MacKenzie§§, Heinz Ellerbrok¶, Brunhilde Schweiger¶, Kristian Schønning**, Mandeep S. Chadha§, Fabian H. Leendertz¶, A.C. Mishra§, Robert V. Gibbons‡, Edward C. Holmes†††‡‡‡, and W. Ian Lipkin*
Author affiliations: *Columbia University, New York, New York, USA; †University of Pretoria/NHLS Tswhane Academic Division, Pretoria, South Africa; ‡Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand; §National Institute of Virology, Pune, India; ¶Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany; #Walter Reed AFRIMS Research Unit Nepal, Katmandu, Nepal; **Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark; ††Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain; ‡‡Institut Pasteur Côte d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; §§Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; ¶¶PathWest Laboratory, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia; ##Severo-Ochoa Hospital, Leganés, Madrid, Spain; ***University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA; †††Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA; ‡‡‡National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA;

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Table 2

Percentage of intraspecies and interspecies conservation of VP4/2 nucleotide sequence*

Viruses HEV-A HEV-B HEV-C PV† HEV-D HRV-A HRV-B New clade
HEV-A 72 61 63 63 63 59 61 60
HEV-B 75 64 64 59 59 61 59
HEV-C 75 71 62 61 65 61
PV 81 60 60 62 61
HEV-D 83 59 61 61
HRV-A 80 61 63
HRV-B 80 60
New clade 75

*HEV, human entero
virus; PV, poliovirus; HRV, human rhinovirus.
†PV may be moved by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses into HEV-C.

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