Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infections and Anti–Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Therapy
Kevin L. Winthrop , Eric Chang, Shellie Yamashita, Michael F. Iademarco, and Philip A. LoBue
Author affiliations: Oregon Health and Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, USA (K.L. Winthrop, E. Chang, S. Yamashita); US Public Health Service, Washington, DC, USA (M.F. Iademarco); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (P.A. LoBue)
Figure 1. Case reports of nontuberculous mycobacteria in patients using antitumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) therapy, US Food and Drug Administration MedWatch database, 1999–2006. Cases are reported by each full year of data reporting for each anti-TNF agent. Reported cases for all agents were most numerous in 2005. INF, infliximab; ADA, adalimumab; ETN, etanercept.
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