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Volume 15, Number 11—November 2009

Dispatch

Hepatitis C Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors, Anyang, China

Fangfang Liu1, Ke Chen1, Zhonghu He, Tao Ning, Yaqi Pan, Hong CaiComments to Author , and Yang Ke

Author affiliations: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory, Beijing, People’s Republic of China (F. Liu, K. Chen, T. Ning, Y. Pan, H. Cai, Y. Ke); Peking University School of Oncology, Beijing (F. Liu, K. Chen, T. Ning, Y. Pan, H. Cai, Y. Ke); Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing (F. Liu, K. Chen, T. Ning, Y. Pan, H. Cai, Y. Ke); Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing (Z. He)

Main Article

Table 2

Conditional logistic analysis of risk factors associated with hepatitis C virus infection, Anyang, China, 2006–2008*

Risk factor† Response Total no. HCV negative, no. (%) HCV positive, no. (%) OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Alcohol consumption
No 258 195 (94.2) 63 (91.3) 1
Yes
18
12 (5.8)
6 (8.7)
1.71 (0.54–5.39)

Blood donation
No 261 199 (96.1) 62 (89.9) 1
Yes
15
8 (3.9)
7 (10.1)
3 (0.99–9.09)

Blood transfusion
No 248 197 (95.2) 51 (73.9) 1 1
Yes
28
10 (4.8)
18 (26.1)
6.32‡ (2.73–14.6)
4.55§ (1.34–15.42)
Blood products transfusion
No 249 191 (92.3) 58 (84.1) 1 1
Yes
27
16 (7.7)
11 (15.9)
2.49§ (1.03–6.05)
0.99 (0.28–3.5)
Intramuscular injection
No 39 32 (15.5) 7 (10.1) 1
Yes
237
175 (84.5)
62 (89.9)
1.77 (0.69–4.59)

Intravenous injection
No 153 136 (65.7) 17 (24.6) 1 1
Yes
123
71 (34.3)
52 (75.4)
6.75‡ (3.41–13.36)
5.83‡ (2.66–12.8)
Visited a dentist
No 136 103 (49.8) 33 (47.8) 1
Yes
140
104 (50.2)
36 (52.2)
1.09 (0.62–1.9)

Had surgery
No 210 171 (82.6) 39 (56.5) 1 1
Yes
66
36 (17.4)
30 (43.5)
3.78‡ (2.01–7.1)
2.29 (0.92–5.71)
Shared nail clippers
No 66 51 (24.6) 15 (21.7) 1
Yes
210
156 (75.4)
54 (78.3)
1.17 (0.62–2.23)

No. sexual partners
1 262 194 (93.7) 68 (98.6) 1
>1
14
13 (6.3)
1 (1.4)
0.21 (0.03–1.66)

Pierced ears
No 173 129 (62.3) 44 (63.8) 1
Yes
103
78 (37.7)
25 (36.2)
0.88 (0.4–1.96)

Acupuncture
No 215 168 (81.2) 47 (68.1) 1
Yes
61
39 (18.8)
22 (31.9)
2.15§ (1.11–4.13)
1.61 (0.69–3.76)
Gastroscopy
No 246 190 (91.8) 56 (81.2) 1
Yes
30
17 (8.2)
13 (18.8)
2.92§ (1.27–6.72)
2.06 (0.63–6.7)
Esophageal balloon examination No 240 190 (91.8) 50 (72.5) 1
Yes 36 17 (8.2) 19 (27.5) 5.95‡ (2.44–14.5) 3.78§ (1.32–10.79)

*HCV, hepatitis C virus; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
†Blood transfusion, blood products transfusion, intravenous injection, operation, acupuncture, gastroscopy, and esophageal balloon examination were included in the multivariate model.
‡p<0.01.
§p<0.05.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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