Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 15, Number 11—November 2009

Research

Multicenter EuroTravNet/GeoSentinel Study of Travel-related Infectious Diseases in Europe

Philippe Gautret, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Jean Gaudart, Francesco Castelli, Philippe Brouqui, Frank von Sonnenburg, Louis Loutan, Philippe ParolaComments to Author , and for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network12
Author affiliations: Assitance Publique–Hôpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France (P. Gautret, P. Brouqui, P. Parola); Zurich University Centre for Travel Medicine, Zurich, Switzerland (P. Schlagenhauf); Faculty of Medicine of Marseille, Marseille (J. Gaudart); University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy (F. Castelli); Ludwig Maximilians Universität of Munich, Munich, Germany (F. von Sonnenburg); Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland (L. Loutan)

Main Article

Table 2

Demographic and travel data for 17,228 European travelers seen at GeoSentinel European sites, compared with non-European travelers, 1997–2007*

Characteristic European
Non-European†
Classic travelers Immigrant travelers Expatriate travelers Classic travelers Immigrant travelers Expatriate travelers
Sex
M 6,882 (49.5) 1,440.(59.6) 526 (58.4) 3,608 (44.5) 1,513 (50.2) 1,006 (64.9)
F 7,006 (50.4) 971 (40.2) 372 (41.3) 4,278 (52.8) 1,463 (48.6) 532 (34.3)
Unknown 25 (0.2) 4 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 215 (2.7) 37 (1.2) 11 (0.7
Median age, y (range) 34 (0–96) 36 (0–95) 37 (1–179) 32 (0–95) 40 (2–89) 23 (1–77)
Patient type
Inpatient 611 (4.4) 887 (36.7) 65 (7.2) 436 (5.4) 323 (10.7) 53 (3.4)
Outpatient 13,243 (95.2) 1,507 (62.4) 785 (87.2) 7,233 (89.3) 2,595 (86.1) 1,448 (93.4)
Unknown 59 (0.4 21 (0.9 50 (5.6) 432 (5.3) 95 (3.2) 48 (3.1)
Median travel duration,‡ d (range) 21 (1–;212) 30 (1–180) 180 (1–1,555) 20 (1–212) 26 (1–198) 334 (1–1,010)
Pretravel advice
Yes 8,212 (59.0) 525 (21.7) 518 (57.6) 4,169 (51.5) 647 (21.5) 1,209 (78.1)
No 3,252 (23.4) 1,206 (49.9) 186 (20.7) 2,678 (33.1) 1,927 (64.0) 216 (13.9)
Unknown 2,449 (17.6) 684 (28.3) 196 (21.8 1,254 (15.5 439 (14.6) 124 (8.0)
Reason for travel
Tourism 11,200 (80.5) 525 (21.7) 124 (13.8) 5,317 (65.6) 813 (27.0) 81 (5.2)
Business 1,733 (12.5) 142 (5.9) 344 (38.2) 1,084 (13.4) 216 (7.2) 273 (17.6)
Missionary or volunteer work 775 (5.6) 59 (2.4) 422 (46.9) 1,225 (15.1) 137 (4.5) 1,190 (76.8)
Student 82 (0.6) 23 (1.0) 2 (0.2) 355 (4.4) 92 (3.1)
Healthcare seeking 8 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Visiting friends or relatives 100 (0.7) 1,662 (68.8) 8 (0.9) 96 (1.2) 1,752 (58.1) 5 (0.3)
Military 15 (0.1) 4 (0.2) 124 (13.8) 24 (0.3) 2 (0.1)
Median time between travel end and presentation, d (range) 13 (1–156) 13 (1–139) 10 (1–153) 17 (1–154) 26 (1–157) 23 (1–165)

*All values are no. (%) except as indicated. For each demographic and travel variable, univariate global analyses were used for comparing means (analysis of variance) or percentages (χ2 test). For example, age means (for each category) have been compared using an analysis of variance; percentages of men (for each category) have been compared by χ2 test. All tests have shown significant results (p<0.0001).
†Data for 12,663 non-European patients sampled from the GeoSentinel database.
‡Travel duration and interval time were estimated using accurate data, available for 15,969 (92.7%) Europeans and 9,828 (77.6%) non-Europeans exhibiting a travel-associated disease along with a recent trip (<6 mo ago).

Main Article

1A list of GeoSentinel Surveillance Network members who also contributed data is given at the end of this article.

2The GeoSentinel sites in Europe have recently grouped together within GeoSentinel to form the core sites of EuroTravNet (www.eurotravnet.eu), the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control corresponding network for tropical and travel medicine.

1These members of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network also contributed data: François Chappuis, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; Giampiero Carosi, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; Fabrice Simon and Jean Delmont, Hôpital Nord, Marseille, France; Gerd-Dieter Burchard, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany; Rainer Weber and Robert Steffen, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland; Mogens Jensenius, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK; and Vanessa Field, InterHealth, London, UK. These additional members contributed data for Europeans nonresident in Europe: Prativa Pandey, Canadian International Water and Energy Consultants Clinic Travel Medicine Center, Kathmandu, Nepal; Susan MacDonald, Beijing United Family Hospital and Clinics, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; Poh Lian Lim and Annelies Wilder-Smith, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore; Graham Brown, Joseph Torresi, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Marc Shaw, Worldwise Travellers Health and Vaccination Centre, Auckland, New Zealand; Alejandra Gurtman, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York City, New York, USA (2002 Oct–2005 Aug only); Robert Muller, Travel Clinic Services, Johannesburg, South Africa (2004 May–2005 Jun only); Phyllis E. Kozarsky and Carlos Franco-Paredes, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; Jay S. Keystone and Kevin C. Kain, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dominique Meisch, International SOS Clinic, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Robert Kass, Travellers Medical and Vaccination Centres of Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (1997 Dec–2001 Mar only); Eli Schwartz, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel; Bradley A. Connor, Cornell University, New York, New York, USA; N. Jean Haulman, Davie Roesel, and Elaine C. Jong, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Watcharapong Piyaphanee and Udomsak Silachamroon, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; R. Bradley Sack and Robin McKenzie, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (1997 Dec–2007 Aug only); Cecilia Perret and Francisca Valdivieso, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Sarah Borwein, Central Health Medical Practice, Hong Kong SAR, China; Carmelo Licitra and Antonio Crespo, Orlando Regional Health Center, Orlando, Florida, USA; Lin H. Chen and Mary E. Wilson, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; Thomas B. Nutman and Amy D. Klion, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA; Vernon Ansdell, Kaiser Permanente, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (1997 Oct–2003 Jan only); DeVon C. Hale and Stefanie S. Gelman, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA; and Hiroko Sagara, Yokohama Municipal Citizen's Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO