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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Research

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Zambia

Patricia C.A.M. BuijtelsComments to Author , Marianne A.B. van der Sande, Cas S. de Graaff, Shelagh Parkinson, Henri A. Verbrugh, Pieter L.C. Petit, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: Medical Centre Rijnmond-Zuid, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (P.C.A.M. Buijtels); University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam (P.C.A.M. Buijtels, H.A. Verbrugh); National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (M.A.B. van der Sande, D. van Soolingen); Medical Centre Alkmaar, Alkmaar, the Netherlands (C.S. de Graaff); St. Francis Hospital, Katete, Zambia (S. Parkinson); Vlietland Hospital, Schiedam, the Netherlands (P.L.C. Petit)

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Table 3

Results from cultures of sputum samples taken from hospitalized chronically ill patients and controls, Zambia, August 2002–March 2003

Result Patients, no. (%) Controls, no. (%)
Negative 362 (57) 1,428 (93)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 201 (32) 5 (0.3)
M. avium complex 15 (2) 5 (0.3)
M. intracellulare 12 (2) 0
M. avium 3 (0.5) 5 (0.3)
M. gordonae 4 (0.6) 0
M. peregrinum 2 (0.3) 4 (0.3)
M. goodie 1 (0.2) 4 (0.3)
M. porcinum 1 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
M. lentiflavum 1 (0.2) 0
Unknown Mycobacterium spp. 13 (2) 42 (3)
Other Mycobacterium spp.* 3 (0.5) 7 (0.5)
Unidentified acid-fact bacilli 32 (5) 34 (2)
Total no. sputum samples 635 1,532

*Other Mycobacterium spp. in patients were M. fortuitum, M. neoaurum, and M. simiae. Other Mycobacterium spp. in controls were M. fortuitum, M. asiaticum, M. aurum, and M. conspicuum.

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