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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Dispatch

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in Cattle, Western Turkey

Ethem Mutlu TemizelComments to Author , Kadir Yesilbag, Carrie Batten, Sezgin Senturk, Narender S. Maan, Peter Paul Clement Mertens, and Hasan Batmaz
Author affiliations: Uludag University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gorukle, Turkey (E.M. Temizel, K. Yesilbag, S. Senturk, H. Batmaz); Institute for Animal Health, Woking, UK (C. Batten, N.S. Maan, P.P.C. Mertens)

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Table 1

Clinical signs in cattle tested for EHD, Turkey, 2007*

EHD status† No. cattle with clinical sign
Discharge‡ Redness§ Recumbency CE Anorexia RM UE Stomatitis RD Lame
Suspected (n = 41) 13 12 2 15 16 20 9 12 5 6
PCR+ (n = 1) 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Seropositive (n = 1) 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
Virus isolated (n = 6) 5 6 0 4 6 6 0 4 3 3

*EHD, epizootic hemorrhagic disease; CE, conjunctival edema; RM, reduced milk; UE, udder edema; RD, respiratory distress.
†PCR, ELISA, and virus isolation were performed on selected samples from the 41 samples (11 whole blood samples, 4 serum samples, and 15 supernatant samples from the baby hamster kidney cells). The virus-positive animals were PCR negative.
‡Nasal and ocular discharge
§Redness and scaling of nose and lips.

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