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Volume 15, Number 3—March 2009

Letter

Cat-to-Human Orthopoxvirus Transmission, Northeastern Italy

Fabrizio Carletti, Licia Bordi, Concetta Castilletti, Antonino Di Caro, Laura Falasca, Cristiana Gioia, Giuseppe Ippolito, Stefania Zaniratti, Anna Beltrame, Pierluigi Viale, and Maria Rosaria CapobianchiComments to Author 
Author affiliations: National Institute for Infectious Diseases “L. Spallanzani,” Rome, Italy (F. Carletti, L. Bordi, C. Castilletti, A. Di Caro, L. Falasca, C. Gioia, G. Ippolito, S. Zaniratti, M.R. Capobianchi); University of Udine, Udine, Italy (A. Beltrame, P. Viale)

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Figure

Phylogenetic tree of nucleotide sequences of the complete hemagglutinin open reading frame (930 bp) of orthopoxviruses (OPVs) isolated from the 2 patients described in this report and additional poxviruses available in GenBank (cowpox: AY902279, AY902269, AF375085, AF377883, AF377886, AY902262, AY944028, Z99047, AY366477, AF377877, AF375087; taterapox: AF375093; camelpox: AY902250, DQ853384; horsepox: DQ792504; elephantpox: AF375090; vaccinia: AY902305, X91135, AF375078, AF375077; rabbitpox: AF3

Figure. Phylogenetic tree of nucleotide sequences of the complete hemagglutinin open reading frame (930 bp) of orthopoxviruses (OPVs) isolated from the 2 patients described in this report and additional poxviruses available in GenBank (cowpox: AY902279, AY902269, AF375085, AF377883, AF377886, AY902262, AY944028, Z99047, AY366477, AF377877, AF375087; taterapox: AF375093; camelpox: AY902250, DQ853384; horsepox: DQ792504; elephantpox: AF375090; vaccinia: AY902305, X91135, AF375078, AF375077; rabbitpox: AF375119, AF375118, Z99049; variola: AF375129, AF375130, AF375138, AF375142; ectromelia: AY902302, AY902303, AY902306; monkeypox: DQ443504, AF375105, AF375112). Multiple alignment was generated with ClustalW 1.7 software in BioEdit (www.mbio.ncsu.edu/BioEdit/BioEdit.html), and the phylogenetic tree was constructed by using maximum-likelihood and neighbor-joining algorithms implemented in Mega 4.0 software (www.megasoftware.net). Bootstrap values >75 are shown at nodes. The sequences from the patients described in this report form a distinct cluster separate from other OPV sequences. Scale bar indicates genetic distance.

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