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Volume 15, Number 4—April 2009
THEME ISSUE
The Amazon Region

CME ACTIVITY

Acute Conjunctivitis with Episcleritis and Anterior Uveitis Linked to Adiaspiromycosis and Freshwater Sponges, Amazon Region, Brazil, 2005

Marcia O. MendesComments to Author , Mario A.P. Moraes, Ernesto I.M. Renoiner, Marta H.P. Dantas, Tatiania M. Lanzieri, Carlos F. Fonseca, Expedito J.A. Luna, and Douglas L. Hatch
Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Brasília, Brazil (M.O. Mendes, E.I.M. Renoiner, M.H.P. Dantas, T.M. Lanzieri, E.J.A. Luna); University of Brasília, Brasília (M.A.P. Moraes); Reference Hospital of Augustinópolis, Augustinópolis, Brazil (C.F. Fonseca); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (D.L. Hatch); Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, USA (D.L. Hatch)

Main Article

Table 2

Results of univariate analysis of case–control study on relationship between various exposures to freshwater rivers and confirmed ocular disease, Araguatins, Brazil, 2005*

Exposure No. (%) case-patients exposed, n = 62 Household control group, n = 178
Community control group, n = 186
No. (%) exposed OR 95% CI No. (%) exposed OR 95% CI
Contacting river water 61 (98) 132 (74) 21.3 3.0–424.2 145 (78) 17.2 2.5–344.8
Diving underwater 49 (83) 67 (38) 8.1 3.7–18.4 90 (49) 5.1 2.3–11.5
Visiting Cais Beach 50 (81) 97 (55) 3.4 1.6–7.2 52 (30) 10.1 4.7–21.9
Fishing 30 (48) 74 (42) 1.3 0.7–2.4 54 (29) 2.3 1.2–4.3
Drinking untreated river water 23 (38) 62 (35) 1.1 0.6–2.2 50 (27) 1.7 0.9–3.3
Washing clothes in river water 6 (10) 43 (24) 0.3 0.1–0.9 29 (16) 0.6 0.2–1.6

*OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

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