Volume 15, Number 9—September 2009
Chicken Consumption and Use of Acid-Suppressing Medications as Risk Factors for Campylobacter Enteritis, England
|Regularly eats chicken||Ate chicken in previous 5 days||Location where chicken was prepared||OR†||95% CI||p value|
|Yes||Yes||In the home only||1.47||0.96–2.26||0.078|
|Yes||Yes||Outside the home only||3.86||2.33–6.39||<0.001|
|Yes||Yes||Inside the home, and prepared outside the home||1.59||1.02–2.47||0.042|
*OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
†ORs adjusted for participant age group and sex; study site; study month; use of acid suppressing medication; self-reported past Campylobacter enteritis; recent acquisition of a dog; and frequency of consuming of salads, fruit, vegetables, and unpasteurized milk.
1The Campylobacter Case–Control Study Group comprises the following: Sarah J. O’Brien (Manchester University); Clarence C. Tam, Craig D. Higgins, Laura C. Rodrigues, and Brendan W. Wren (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine); Keith R. Neal (University of Nottingham); Bob Owen and Judith Richardson (Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections); Bharat C. Patel (Health Protection Agency Collaborating Centre, North Middlesex Hospital); Peter Sheridan (North East and Central London HPU); John Curnow (Cheshire and Merseyside HPU); Ken Lamden (Cumbria and Lancashire HPU); and Sally Millership (Essex HPU).