Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012
Named for Coxsackie, the small town on the Hudson River where they were first isolated, human coxsackieviruses are nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses in the family Picornaviridae, genus Enterovirus. They were first described by Gilbert Dalldorf, who was investigating suspected poliomyelitis outbreaks in upstate New York in the summer of 1947. Coxsackieviruses are divided into 2 groups, A and B. In suckling mice, group A viruses cause generalized myositis and flaccid paralysis, and group B viruses cause focal myositis and spastic paralysis. With the discovery of coxsackieviruses, Dalldorf also helped popularize the suckling mouse as an inexpensive laboratory animal model.
- Dalldorf G. The Coxsackie viruses. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1950;26:329–35.
- Dalldorf G, Sickles GM, Plager H. Gifford R. A virus recovered from the feces of “poliomyelitis” patients pathogenic for suckling mice. J Exp Med. 1949;89:567–82.
- Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
- Racaniello V. Coxsackie NY and the virus named after it, August 10, 2009 [cited 2012 Aug 21]. http://www.virology.ws/2009/08/10/coxsackie-ny-and-the-virus-named-after-it/
- Tao Z, Song Y, Li Y, Liu Y, Jiang P, Lin X, Coxsackievirus B3, Shandong Province, China, 1990–2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1865–7.
Suggested citation for this article: Etymologia: Coxsackievirus. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2012 Nov [date cited]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1811.ET1811
West Nile Virus RNA
in Tissues from Donor
Transmission to Organ