Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012

Etymologia

Etymologia: Coxsackievirus

Suggested citation for this article

Named for Coxsackie, the small town on the Hudson River where they were first isolated, human coxsackieviruses are nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses in the family Picornaviridae, genus Enterovirus. They were first described by Gilbert Dalldorf, who was investigating suspected poliomyelitis outbreaks in upstate New York in the summer of 1947. Coxsackieviruses are divided into 2 groups, A and B. In suckling mice, group A viruses cause generalized myositis and flaccid paralysis, and group B viruses cause focal myositis and spastic paralysis. With the discovery of coxsackieviruses, Dalldorf also helped popularize the suckling mouse as an inexpensive laboratory animal model.

References

  1. Dalldorf G. The Coxsackie viruses. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1950;26:32935.PubMed
  2. Dalldorf G, Sickles GM, Plager H. Gifford R. A virus recovered from the feces of “poliomyelitis” patients pathogenic for suckling mice. J Exp Med. 1949;89:56782. DOIPubMed
  3. Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
  4. Racaniello V. Coxsackie NY and the virus named after it, August 10, 2009 [cited 2012 Aug 21]. http://www.virology.ws/2009/08/10/coxsackie-ny-and-the-virus-named-after-it/
  5. Tao Z, Song Y, Li Y, Liu Y, Jiang P, Lin X, Coxsackievirus B3, Shandong Province, China, 1990–2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:18657. DOI

Suggested citation for this article: Etymologia: Coxsackievirus. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2012 Nov [date cited]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1811.ET1811

DOI: 10.3201/eid1811.ET1811

Related Links

Top of Page

Table of Contents – Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012

Comments to the EID Editors

Please contact the EID Editors via our Contact Form.

 

Past Issues

Select a Past Issue:

Art in Science - Selections from Emerging Infectious Diseases
Now available for order



CDC 24/7 – Saving Lives, Protecting People, Saving Money. Learn More About How CDC Works For You…

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO