Figure 1. . Fox locations (A, B) and department map (C), France, 2005–2010. Numbers in B and C are department national identification numbers. Panel B shows a close-up view of the departments of the Paris conurbation. Red circle, Echinococcosus multilocularis–positive fox; white circle, E. multilocularis–negative fox; dark gray, area totally urbanized (75 is Paris intra muros); medium gray, area intensively urbanized; light gray, periurban landscapes. C) Department 68 belongs to the historically echinococcosis-endemic area but could not be explored for the current study.