Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 18, Number 3—March 2012

Research

Foodborne and Waterborne Infections in Elderly Community and Long-Term Care Facility Residents, Victoria, Australia

Martyn D. KirkComments to Author , Joy Gregory, Karin Lalor, Gillian V. Hall, and Niels Becker
Author affiliations: Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (M.D. Kirk, G.V. Hall, N. Becker); Department of Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (J. Gregory, K. Lalor)

Main Article

Table 3

Adjusted incidence rate ratios from multivariable model for foodborne and waterborne infections reported in residents >65 years of age in long-term care facilities and the community, Victoria, Australia, January 2000–December 2009

Variable Incidence rate ratio (95% CI)
Cryptosporidium,* n = 113 Listeria monocytogenes, n = 73 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, n = 662 S. enterica, other serotypes, n = 586 L. pneumophila/ other, n = 301 Campylobacter spp., n = 6,387
Sex
F 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
M 0.86 (0.51–1.4) 1.5 (0.90–2.6) 0.97 (0.80–1.2) 0.97 (0.80–1.2) 2.6 (1.7–4.1) 1.2 (1.1–1.3)
Year
2000–2004 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
2005–2009 3.7 (2.1–6.6) 1.2 (0.68–1.9) 1.8 (1.4–2.2) 1.7 (1.4–2.1) 0.35 (0.23–0.53) 1.2 (1.1–1.3)
Age group, y
65–74 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
75–84 0.92 (0.53–1.6) 2.0 (1.1–3.5) 1.1 (0.95–1.4) 1.1 (0.86–1.3) 1.5 (0.90–2.5) 1.1 (1.0–1.2)
>85 0.58 (0.31–1.1) 2.8 (1.2–6.4) 1.3 (0.99–1.8) 1.1 (0.80–1.4) 1.2 (0.63–2.2) 1.1 (1.0–1.2)
Long-term care facility resident
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 1.4 (0.74–2.8) 0.56 (0.10–3.0) 2.3 (1.6–3.4) 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 0.57 (0.27–1.2) 0.63 (0.52–0.77)

*In Victoria, reporting of cryptosporidiosis was voluntary until 2001, when notification became mandatory by law.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO