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Volume 18, Number 3—March 2012

Dispatch

Epsilonproteobacteria in Humans, New Zealand

Angela J. Cornelius, Stephen Chambers, John Aitken, Stephanie M. Brandt, Beverley Horn, and Stephen L.W. OnComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Institute of Environmental Science and Research, Christchurch, New Zealand (A.J. Cornelius, S.M. Brandt, B. Horn, S.L.W. On); Christchurch School of Medicine, Christchurch (S.T. Chambers); Southern Community Laboratories, Christchurch (J. Aitken)

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Table

Prevalence and distribution of the Epsilonproteobacteria taxa in fecal samples from 49 healthy volunteers and 128 persons with diarrhea, New Zealand*

Taxa SCL ESR− ESR+ Vol
Campylobacter jejuni/coli complex 0 3 0 4
C. ureolyticus 3 10 1 12
C. concisus 17 27 16 26
C. curvus 0 1 0 1
C. gracilis 4 10 4 3
C. hominis 4 6 1 8
C. rectus/showae 2 1 2 0
C. sputorum 0 0 1 0
Helicobacter sp. 1 0 0 0
C. upsaliensis/helveticus 0 2 0 0
H. pullorum 0 2 0 0
No Epsiloproteobacterium 6 3 8 1

*Detected by PCR–denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. SCL, samples examined by Southern Community Laboratories (Christchurch, New Zealand) found negative for all common pathogens; ESR–, diarrhea samples screened for specific pathogens by the Institute of Environmental Science and Research (Christchurch) at the request of the submitting laboratory and found negative; ESR+, diarrhea samples screened for specific pathogens by the Institute of Environmental Science and Research at the request of the submitting laboratory and found positive; vol, samples from volunteers with no known recent history of gastrointestinal illness. Specific pathogens found in ESR+ samples included Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia spp., norovirus, Bacillus cereus, toxigenic Staphylococcus aureus, and toxigenic Clostridium perfringens.

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