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Volume 18, Number 9—September 2012

Perspective

Hepatitis E, a Vaccine-Preventable Cause of Maternal Deaths

Alain B. LabriqueComments to Author , Shegufta S. Sikder, Lisa J. Krain, Keith P. West, Parul Christian, Mahbubur Rashid, and Kenrad E. Nelson
Author affiliations: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (A.B. Labrique, S.S. Sikder, L.J. Krain, K.P. West, P. Christian, K.E. Nelson); and JiVitA Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Research Project, Gaibandha, Bangladesh (M. Rashid)

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Table

Contribution of hepatitis and hepatitis-like symptoms as direct or underlying causes of death in women of reproductive age, northwestern Bangladesh, 2001–2007

Cause of death Pregnancy-related deaths,* no. (%) Non–pregnancy-related deaths, no. (%) All deaths in enrolled women of reproductive age, no. (%)
All 245 (100.0) 846 (100.0) 1,091 (100.0)
Direct

Hepatitis

19 (7.8) 61 (7.2) 80 (7.3)
Underlying

Hepatitis

3 (1.2) 10 (1.2) 13 (1.2)

Jaundice

2 (0.8) 10 (1.2) 12(1.1)
Combined 24 (9.8) 81 (9.6) 105 (9.6)

*Defined as deaths of women who were pregnant or within 42 d of termination of the pregnancy, irrespective of the cause of death.

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