Tuberculosis and HIV Co-infection, California, USA, 1993–2008
John Z. Metcalfe , Travis C. Porco, Janice Westenhouse, Mark Damesyn, Matt Facer, Julia Hill, Qiang Xia, James P. Watt, Philip C. Hopewell, and Jennifer Flood
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: University of California, San Francisco, California, USA (J.Z. Metcalfe, T.C. Porco, P.C. Hopewell); California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA (J. Westenhouse, J. Hill, J.P. Watt, J. Flood); California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, California, USA (M. Damesyn, M. Facer); RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA (Q. Xia)
Figure 2. . . . . . . . Rates of tuberculosis (TB) for persons with HIV/AIDS, California, USA, 1993–2008. Shaded areas represent 95% bootstrap percentile CIs, by race. TB–HIV rates for Asians/Pacific Islanders could not be calculated because of small numbers of cases during some years. Annual state HIV prevalence was estimated through nonparametric back-calculation on the basis of racial/ethnic group–specific counts of reported AIDS cases and reported AIDS-related deaths during 1981–2008 (online Technical Appendix, wwwnc.cdc.gov/EID/article/19/3/12-1521-Techapp1.pdf). Light gray, Whites; medium gray, Blacks; dark gray, Hispanics.
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